Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 288 specimens in 17 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 79 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.3 - 612
  Temperature range (°C): 6.422 - 27.666
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.144 - 22.947
  Salinity (PPS): 32.938 - 36.633
  Oxygen (ml/l): 1.582 - 5.876
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.204 - 2.016
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.028 - 22.200

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.3 - 612

Temperature range (°C): 6.422 - 27.666

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.144 - 22.947

Salinity (PPS): 32.938 - 36.633

Oxygen (ml/l): 1.582 - 5.876

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.204 - 2.016

Silicate (umol/l): 2.028 - 22.200
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Associations

Known predators

Umbrina (fish (Sciaena, Umbrina, Polynemus)) is prey of:
Pandion haliaetus

Based on studies in:
Peru (Coastal)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • H. W. Koepcke and M. Koepcke, Sobre el proceso de transformacion de la materia organica en las playas arenosas marinas del Peru. Publ. Univ. Nac. Mayer San Marcos, Zoologie Serie A, No. 8, from p. 24 (1952).
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Known prey organisms

Umbrina (fish (Sciaena, Umbrina, Polynemus)) preys on:
Emerita analoga
Callianassa
Austromenidia

Based on studies in:
Peru (Coastal)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • H. W. Koepcke and M. Koepcke, Sobre el proceso de transformacion de la materia organica en las playas arenosas marinas del Peru. Publ. Univ. Nac. Mayer San Marcos, Zoologie Serie A, No. 8, from p. 24 (1952).
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© SPIRE project

Source: SPIRE

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:105Public Records:38
Specimens with Sequences:85Public Species:7
Specimens with Barcodes:80Public BINs:5
Species:14         
Species With Barcodes:13         
          
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Umbrina

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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