Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 288 specimens in 17 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 79 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.3 - 612
  Temperature range (°C): 6.422 - 27.666
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.144 - 22.947
  Salinity (PPS): 32.938 - 36.633
  Oxygen (ml/l): 1.582 - 5.876
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.204 - 2.016
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.028 - 22.200

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.3 - 612

Temperature range (°C): 6.422 - 27.666

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.144 - 22.947

Salinity (PPS): 32.938 - 36.633

Oxygen (ml/l): 1.582 - 5.876

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.204 - 2.016

Silicate (umol/l): 2.028 - 22.200
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Associations

Known predators

Umbrina (fish (Sciaena, Umbrina, Polynemus)) is prey of:
Pandion haliaetus

Based on studies in:
Peru (Coastal)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • H. W. Koepcke and M. Koepcke, Sobre el proceso de transformacion de la materia organica en las playas arenosas marinas del Peru. Publ. Univ. Nac. Mayer San Marcos, Zoologie Serie A, No. 8, from p. 24 (1952).
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Known prey organisms

Umbrina (fish (Sciaena, Umbrina, Polynemus)) preys on:
Emerita analoga
Callianassa
Austromenidia

Based on studies in:
Peru (Coastal)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • H. W. Koepcke and M. Koepcke, Sobre el proceso de transformacion de la materia organica en las playas arenosas marinas del Peru. Publ. Univ. Nac. Mayer San Marcos, Zoologie Serie A, No. 8, from p. 24 (1952).
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© SPIRE project

Source: SPIRE

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:106
Specimens with Sequences:99
Specimens with Barcodes:85
Species:14
Species With Barcodes:13
Public Records:43
Public Species:9
Public BINs:6
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Disclaimer

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