Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

Name Relationship
Labrus Linnaeus, 1758 Preferred
Cicla Artedi in Röse, 1793 Junior synonym


Name Relationship
Labrus Linnaeus, 1758 Preferred
Labrus formosus Bennett, 1830 Synonym
Labrus fucicola Richardson, 1840
Labrus quadrilineatus Rüppell, 1835
Labrus auratus Forster, 1801
Labrus punctatus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus pulcher Ayres, 1854
Labrus coccineus Forster, 1801
Labrus dario Hamilton, 1822
Labrus gayi Valenciennes, 1839
Labrus albovittatus Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus tetricus Richardson, 1840
Labrus macropterus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus auritus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus laticlavius Richardson, 1840
Labrus bicolor Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Labrus mola Cuvier, 1829
Labrus baccatus Marion de Procé, 1822
Labrus leucurus Walbaum, 1792
Labrus hirsutus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus aper Valenciennes, 1846
Labrus gouldii Richardson, 1843
Labrus pallidus Nardo, 1824
Labrus octovittatus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus fuscus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus ornatus Carmichael, 1819
Labrus latovittatus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus fulvomaculatus Mitchill, 1815
Labrus cyanocephalus Bloch, 1791
Labrus paroticus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus falcatus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus neustriae Lacepède, 1801
Labrus variabilis Thompson, 1837
Labrus donovani Valenciennes, 1839
Labrus trimaculatus Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus luvarus Rafinesque, 1810
Labrus scrofa Valenciennes, 1839
Labrus pentacanthus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus unimaculatus Gmelin, 1789
Labrus centiquadrus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus lapina Forsskål, 1775
Labrus balanus Fleming, 1828
Labrus lineolatus Valenciennes, 1839
Labrus aeruginosus Pallas, 1814
Labrus capistratus Pallas, 1814
Labrus coeruleovittatus Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus chloropterus Bloch, 1791
Labrus melops Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus rone Ascanius, 1772
Labrus gibbosus Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus gibbus Gmelin, 1789
Labrus ballan Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus comber Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus badis Hamilton, 1822
Labrus commersonnii Lacepède, 1801
Labrus cruentatus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus laevis Lacepède, 1801
Labrus rupestris Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus oyena Forsskål, 1775
Labrus iris Richardson & Solander, 1843
Labrus trilobatus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus melapterus Bloch, 1791
Labrus leopardus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus palloni (Risso, 1810)
Labrus furcus Lacépède, 1801
Labrus arilca Richardson 1848
Labrus lineatus Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus quadrimaculatus Risso, 1827
Labrus pinnulatus Forster, 1801
Labrus gymnocephalus Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Labrus doliatus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus hololepidotus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus fulvus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus macrourus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus maximus Walbaum, 1792
Labrus trivittatus Bloch, 1791
Labrus niloticus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus serpentinus Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus rufus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus nereus Risso, 1810
Labrus taeniourus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus coeruleus Ascanius, 1772
Labrus argus Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Labrus taeniours Lacepède, 1801
Labrus furca Lacepède, 1801
Labrus griseus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus tinca Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus ocellaris Linnaeus 1758
Labrus amarus Larrañaga, 1923
Labrus celidotus Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Labrus poecilopleura Valenciennes, 1839
Labrus purpurescens Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Labrus fasciatus Walbaum, 1792
Labrus macrolepidotus Bloch, 1791
Labrus inscriptus Richardson, 1848
Labrus annulatus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus punctulatus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus eoethinus Richardson, 1846
Labrus maculatus Bloch, 1792
Labrus squeteague Mitchill, 1815
Labrus pavo Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus diana Lacepède, 1801
Labrus lunaris Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus nigrescens Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Labrus luscus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus cornubius Gmelin, 1789
Labrus plumierii Lacepède, 1801
Labrus variegatus Gmelin, 1789
Labrus turdus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus psittaculus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus axillaris Bennett, 1832
Labrus cingulum Lacepède, 1801
Labrus psittaculus Richardson, 1840
Labrus luculentus Richardson, 1848
Labrus cromis Linnaeus, 1766
Labrus saxorum Valenciennes, 1839
Labrus cinereus Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus miles Schneider & Forster, 1801
Labrus centiquarus Lacepede
Labrus cyanodus Richardson, 1843
Labrus semidiscus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus anthias Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus vetula Bloch, 1792
Labrus bimaculatus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus polychrous Pallas, 1814
Labrus opercularis Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus longirostris Lacepède, 1801
Labrus radiatus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus multicostatus Gronow, 1854
Labrus tesselatus Bloch, 1792
Labrus ocellatus Forsskål, 1775
Labrus botryocosmus Richardson, 1846
Labrus rubiginosus Temminck and Schlegel, 1845
Labrus angulosus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus exoletus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus pittima Rafinesque, 1810
Labrus larvatus Lowe, 1852
Labrus aureomaculatus Bennett, 1830
Labrus bifasciatus Bloch, 1791
Labrus livens Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus digramma Lacepède, 1801
Labrus onitis Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus ossifagus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus salmoides Lacepède, 1802
Labrus julis Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus sexfasciatus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus oculusperdix Rafinesque, 1810
Labrus macrogaster Lacepède, 1801
Labrus trichopterus Pallas, 1770
Labrus reticulatus Lowe, 1839
Labrus gvaza Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus adspersus Walbaum, 1792
Labrus venosus Gmelin, 1789
Labrus giofredi Risso, 1810
Labrus cretensis Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus marmoratus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus scina Forsskål, 1775
Labrus macrodontus Lacépède, 1801
Labrus leo Rafinesque, 1810
Labrus hepatus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus carneus Ascanius, 1772
Labrus reticulatus Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus pictus Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Labrus koelreuteri Walbaum, 1792
Labrus brasiliensis Bloch, 1791
Labrus syriacus Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Labrus goldsinny Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus inermis Forsskål, 1775
Labrus nubilus Valenciennes, 1843
Labrus striatus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus leucosticticus Bennett, 1832
Labrus psittacus Risso, 1827
Labrus bivittatus Bloch, 1791
Labrus lunulatus Forsskål, 1775
Labrus coquus Gmelin, 1789
Labrus bilunulatus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus trilineatus Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Labrus berggylta Ascanius, 1767
Labrus hebraicus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus mesothorax Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Labrus japonicus Houttuyn, 1782
Labrus perditio Quoy and Gaimard, 1834
Labrus limbatus Valenciennes, 1839
Labrus hortulanus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus viridus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus oeyena Forsskål, 1775
Labrus semiruber Lacepède, 1801
Labrus keslik Lacepède, 1801
Labrus guaza Löfling, 1758
Labrus guaza Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus ocellatus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus ramentosus Forsskål, 1775
Labrus rubrolineatus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus boops Houttuyn 1782
Labrus griseus Gmelin, 1789
Labrus iagonensis Bowdich, 1825
Labrus guttatus Bloch, 1791
Labrus yagonensis de Brito Capello, 1871
Labrus perdica Forsskål, 1775
Labrus arago Quoy and Gaimard, 1824
Labrus cettii Rafinesque, 1810
Labrus fasciatus Bloch, 1792
Labrus infuscus Walbaum, 1792
Labrus öyena Forsskål, 1775
Labrus varius Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus japonicus Valenciennes, 1839
Labrus subfuscus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Labrus fusiformis Rüppell, 1835
Labrus prasostictes Pallas, 1814
Labrus hassek Lacepède, 1801
Labrus enneacanthus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus chlorodus Gronow, 1854
Labrus guaza Lofling, 1758
Labrus tetracanthus Lacepède 1801
Labrus chinensis Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus guttulatus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus spilonotus Bennett, 1836


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!