Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

Name Relationship
Labrus Linnaeus, 1758 Preferred
Cicla Artedi in Röse, 1793 Junior synonym

World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)

Name Relationship
Labrus Linnaeus, 1758 Preferred
Labrus bimaculatus Linnaeus, 1758 Synonym
Labrus auritus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus rupestris Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus lapina Forsskål, 1775
Labrus turdus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus sexfasciatus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus semidiscus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus centiquadrus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus adspersus Walbaum, 1792
Labrus aeruginosus Pallas, 1814
Labrus albovittatus Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus angulosus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus annulatus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus anthias Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus aper Valenciennes, 1846
Labrus argus Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Labrus auratus Forster, 1801
Labrus aureomaculatus Bennett, 1830
Labrus axillaris Bennett, 1832
Labrus baccatus Marion de Procé, 1822
Labrus balanus Fleming, 1828
Labrus ballan Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus bicolor Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Labrus bifasciatus Bloch, 1791
Labrus bilunulatus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus bivittatus Bloch, 1791
Labrus boops Houttuyn 1782
Labrus botryocosmus Richardson, 1846
Labrus brasiliensis Bloch, 1791
Labrus capistratus Pallas, 1814
Labrus carneus Ascanius, 1772
Labrus celidotus Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Labrus chloropterus Bloch, 1791
Labrus cinereus Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus cingulum Lacepède, 1801
Labrus coccineus Forster, 1801
Labrus coeruleovittatus Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus coeruleus Ascanius, 1772
Labrus comber Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus commersonnii Lacepède, 1801
Labrus coquus Gmelin, 1789
Labrus cornubius Gmelin, 1789
Labrus cretensis Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus cromis Linnaeus, 1766
Labrus cruentatus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus cyanocephalus Bloch, 1791
Labrus cyanodus Richardson, 1843
Labrus diana Lacepède, 1801
Labrus digramma Lacepède, 1801
Labrus doliatus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus donovani Valenciennes, 1839
Labrus eoethinus Richardson, 1846
Labrus exoletus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus falcatus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus fasciatus Walbaum, 1792
Labrus formosus Bennett, 1830
Labrus fucicola Richardson, 1840
Labrus fulvomaculatus Mitchill, 1815
Labrus fulvus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus furca Lacepède, 1801
Labrus fuscus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus gayi Valenciennes, 1839
Labrus gibbosus Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus gibbus Gmelin, 1789
Labrus giofredi Risso, 1810
Labrus goldsinny Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus gouldii Richardson, 1843
Labrus griseus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus griseus Gmelin, 1789
Labrus gymnocephalus Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Labrus hebraicus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus hepatus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus hirsutus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus hololepidotus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus hortulanus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus iagonensis Bowdich, 1825
Labrus inermis Forsskål, 1775
Labrus inscriptus Richardson, 1848
Labrus iris Richardson & Solander, 1843
Labrus japonicus Houttuyn, 1782
Labrus julis Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus koelreuteri Walbaum, 1792
Labrus laevis Lacepède, 1801
Labrus larvatus Lowe, 1852
Labrus laticlavius Richardson, 1840
Labrus latovittatus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus leo Rafinesque, 1810
Labrus leopardus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus leucosticticus Bennett, 1832
Labrus leucurus Walbaum, 1792
Labrus limbatus Valenciennes, 1839
Labrus lineatus Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus lineolatus Valenciennes, 1839
Labrus livens Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus longirostris Lacepède, 1801
Labrus luculentus Richardson, 1848
Labrus lunaris Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus lunulatus Forsskål, 1775
Labrus luscus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus luvarus Rafinesque, 1810
Labrus macrogaster Lacepède, 1801
Labrus macrolepidotus Bloch, 1791
Labrus macrourus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus maculatus Bloch, 1792
Labrus marmoratus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus maximus Walbaum, 1792
Labrus melapterus Bloch, 1791
Labrus melops Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus mesothorax Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Labrus miles Schneider & Forster, 1801
Labrus mola Cuvier, 1829
Labrus multicostatus Gronow, 1854
Labrus nereus Risso, 1810
Labrus neustriae Lacepède, 1801
Labrus nigrescens Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Labrus nubilus Valenciennes, 1843
Labrus ocellaris Linnaeus 1758
Labrus ocellatus Forsskål, 1775
Labrus octovittatus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus oculusperdix Rafinesque, 1810
Labrus onitis Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus ornatus Carmichael, 1819
Labrus ossifagus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus oyena Forsskål, 1775
Labrus pallidus Nardo, 1824
Labrus palloni (Risso, 1810)
Labrus paroticus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus pavo Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus pentacanthus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus perditio Quoy and Gaimard, 1834
Labrus pictus Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Labrus pinnulatus Forster, 1801
Labrus pittima Rafinesque, 1810
Labrus plumierii Lacepède, 1801
Labrus poecilopleura Valenciennes, 1839
Labrus polychrous Pallas, 1814
Labrus prasostictes Pallas, 1814
Labrus psittaculus Richardson, 1840
Labrus psittaculus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus psittacus Risso, 1827
Labrus pulcher Ayres, 1854
Labrus punctatus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus punctulatus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus purpurescens Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Labrus quadrilineatus Rüppell, 1835
Labrus quadrimaculatus Risso, 1827
Labrus radiatus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus reticulatus Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus reticulatus Lowe, 1839
Labrus rone Ascanius, 1772
Labrus rubiginosus Temminck and Schlegel, 1845
Labrus rufus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus saxorum Valenciennes, 1839
Labrus scina Forsskål, 1775
Labrus scrofa Valenciennes, 1839
Labrus serpentinus Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus squeteague Mitchill, 1815
Labrus striatus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus syriacus Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Labrus taeniourus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus tesselatus Bloch, 1792
Labrus tetracanthus Lacepède 1801
Labrus tetricus Richardson, 1840
Labrus tinca Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus trilineatus Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Labrus trilobatus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus trimaculatus Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus trivittatus Bloch, 1791
Labrus unimaculatus Gmelin, 1789
Labrus variabilis Thompson, 1837
Labrus variegatus Gmelin, 1789
Labrus varius Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus venosus Gmelin, 1789
Labrus vetula Bloch, 1792
Labrus ramentosus Forsskål, 1775
Labrus gvaza Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus berggylta Ascanius, 1767
Labrus viridus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus taeniours Lacepède, 1801
Labrus guaza Lofling, 1758
Labrus guaza Löfling, 1758
Labrus guaza Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus oeyena Forsskål, 1775
Labrus öyena Forsskål, 1775
Labrus chinensis Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus arago Quoy and Gaimard, 1824
Labrus rubrolineatus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus spilonotus Bennett, 1836
Labrus semiruber Lacepède, 1801
Labrus yagonensis de Brito Capello, 1871
Labrus macrodontus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus chlorodus Gronow, 1854
Labrus enneacanthus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus hassek Lacepède, 1801
Labrus fusiformis Rüppell, 1835
Labrus perdica Forsskål, 1775
Labrus infuscus Walbaum, 1792
Labrus keslik Lacepède, 1801
Labrus subfuscus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Labrus cettii Rafinesque, 1810
Labrus guttatus Bloch, 1791
Labrus guttulatus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus fasciatus Bloch, 1792
Labrus japonicus Valenciennes, 1839
Labrus ocellatus Linnaeus, 1758


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