Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.


Name Relationship
Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775 Preferred
Acanthurus xanthurus Blyth, 1852 Synonym
Acanthurus ruppelii Bennett, 1836
Acanthurus kettlitzii Valenciennes, 1835
Acanthurus triostegust (Linnaeus, 1758)
Acanthurus leuococheilus Herre, 1927
Acanthurus zebra Lacepède, 1802
Acanthurus hirudo Bennett, 1829
Acanthurus bipunctatus Günther, 1861
Acanthurus broussonnetii Desmarest, 1823
Acanthurus violaceus Castelnau, 1855
Acanthurus brevis Poey, 1860
Acanthurus chrysosoma Bleeker, 1857
Acanthurus humeralis Valenciennes, 1835
Acanthurus matoides Valenciennes, 1835
Acanthurus vittatus Bennett, 1828
Acanthurus strigosus Bennett, 1828
Acanthurus theuthis Lacepède, 1802
Acanthurus scopas Cuvier, 1829
Acanthurus philippinus Herre, 1927
Acanthurus striatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1825
Acanthurus hepatus (Linnaeus, 1766)
Acanthurus subarmatus Bennett, 1840
Acanthurus flavoguttatus Kittlitz, 1834
Acanthurus velifer Bloch, 1795
Acanthurus caeruleus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Acanthurus unicornis (Forsskål, 1775)
Acanthurus lamarrii Valenciennes, 1835
Acanthurus delisianus Valenciennes, 1835
Acanthurus undulatus Valenciennes, 1835
Acanthurus carinatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Acanthurus bleekeri Günther, 1861
Acanthurus argenteus Quoy & Gaimard, 1825
Acanthurus delisiani Valenciennes, 1835
Acanthurus javanus Castelnau, 1975
Acanthurus gemmatus Valenciennes, 1835
Acanthurus atramentatus (Jordan & Evermann, 1905)
Acanthurus guttatus Kittlitz, 1834
Acanthurus triastegus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Acanthurus heliodes (Barbour, 1905)
Acanthurus marginatus Valenciennes, 1835
Acanthurus chirurgicus (Bloch, 1787)
Acanthurus rasi Valenciennes, 1835
Acanthurus lituratus Forster, 1801
Acanthurus melanosternon Smith 1955
Acanthurus plagiatus Peters, 1876
Acanthurus leuocheilus Herre, 1927
Acanthurus aliala Lesson, 1831
Acanthurus suillus Cuvier, 1829
Acanthurus tractus Poey, 1860
Acanthurus dussumiere Valenciennes, 1835
Acanthurus eparei Lesson, 1830
Acanthurus lineolatus Valenciennes, 1835
Acanthurus leucosternum Day, 1889
Acanthurus fuscus Steindachner, 1861
Acanthurus pentazona Bleeker, 1850
Acanthurus glaucopareius Cuvier, 1829
Acanthurus coerulus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Acanthurus armiger Valenciennes, 1834
Acanthurus nigricaudus Duncker & Mohr, 1929
Acanthurus altivelis Valenciennes, 1835
Acanthurus flavescens Bennett, 1828
Acanthurus gahm (Forsskål, 1775)
Acanthurus ctenodon Valenciennes, 1835
Acanthurus kingii Bennett, 1835
Acanthurus nummifer Valenciennes, 1835
Acanthurus desjardinii Bennett, 1836
Acanthurus crestonis (Jordan & Starks, 1895)
Acanthurus aterrimus Günther, 1872
Acanthurus nigros Günther, 1861
Acanthurus rostratus Günther, 1875
Acanthurus rubropunctatus Rüppell, 1829
Acanthurus dussumierri Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1835
Acanthurus tennenti Günther, 1861
Acanthurus celebicus Bleeker, 1853
Acanthurus glaucoparecius Cuvier, 1829
Acanthurus bicommatus Smith, 1955
Acanthurus phlebotomus Valenciennes, 1835
Acanthurus achillas Shaw, 1803
Acanthurus japonicas (Schmidt, 1931)
Acanthurus reticulatus Shen & Lim 1973
Acanthurus weberi Ahl, 1923
Acanthurus japonica (Schmidt, 1931)
Acanthurus ketlitzii Valenciennes, 1835
Acanthurus aurolineatus Day 1876


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