The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
- Bushnan, John Stevenson. 1843. Fishes : Particularly Their Structure and Economical Uses. London, England : Chatto and Windus. Naturalist's Library, v.35 : Ichthyology vol.1; Facing page 144
- Eschmeyer, William N. 1990. Genera of Recent Fishes. iii + 697
- Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, no. 1, vol 1-3. 2905
- Jordan, David Starr; Evermann, Barton Warren. 1905. Shore Fishes of the Hawaiian Islands, with a General Account of the Fish Fauna. Washington, DC : Government Printing Office. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission, vol. 23 for 1903, part I; Fig.176
- Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
- Shiino, Sueo M. 1976. List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations. Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4. 262