Overview

Brief Summary

Surgeonfishes, genus Acanthurus, are found in tropical oceans near coral reefs. The fish are equipped with a pair of sharp spines, one on either side of the base of their tails. They are very colorful and, for this reason, are popular in aquariums.

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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 11354 specimens in 38 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 8061 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 2231
  Temperature range (°C): 2.367 - 29.336
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.009 - 38.021
  Salinity (PPS): 32.139 - 37.566
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.486 - 5.147
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.006 - 2.717
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.567 - 149.522

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 2231

Temperature range (°C): 2.367 - 29.336

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.009 - 38.021

Salinity (PPS): 32.139 - 37.566

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.486 - 5.147

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.006 - 2.717

Silicate (umol/l): 0.567 - 149.522
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Acanthurus cf. leucosternon LvH-2007

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 3 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CATAAAGATATTGGCACCCTTTATTTAGTATTTGGTGCTTGAGCTGGAATAGTAGGAACGGCCCTG---AGCCTCCTAATCCGAGCAGAATTAAGCCAACCAGGCGCCCTCCTCGGGGAT---GACCAAATTTATAATGTAATTGTTACAGCACACGCATTCGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATACCAATTATGATTGGTGGATTTGGAAATTGATTAATTCCACTAATG---ATTGGAGCTCCCGACATAGCATTCCCACGAATAAATAATATGAGCTTTTGGCTCCTACCCCCGTCCTTCTTACTTCTACTGGCATCTTCTGCAGTAGAGTCTGGTGCTGGCACAGGGTGAACAGTATACCCTCCTCTAGCCGGTAATTTAGCACATGCAGGAGCATCTGTAGACCTA---ACCATTTTTTCCCTCCACCTCGCAGGTATTTCTTCAATTCTTGGAGCTATTAATTTTATTACAACAATTATTAATATGAAACCTCCTGCTATTTCTCAATATCAAACCCCCCTATTTGTATGAGCCGTACTAATTACGGCTGTCCTACTCCTTCTCTCACTTCCCGTTCTCGCCGCC---GGCATTACAATGCTACTAACAGACCGTAATCTAAACACTACCTTCTTTGATCCGGCAGGGGGAGGAGACCCCATCTTATACCAACATTTATTCTGATTTTTTGGT
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Acanthurus cf. leucosternon LvH-2007

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records: 931
Specimens with Sequences: 826
Specimens with Barcodes: 823
Species: 34
Species With Barcodes: 32
Public Records: 368
Public Species: 28
Public BINs: 29
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Acanthurus

Acanthurus is the type genus of the family Acanthuridae. Approximately half of all members of the family are members of the genus Acanthurus. They are found in tropical oceans, especially near coral reefs, with most species in the Indo-Pacific, but a few are found in the Atlantic Ocean. As other members of the family, they have a pair of spines, one on either side of the base of the tail, which are dangerously sharp (hence the name "surgeonfish"). Depending on species, they grow to a maximum length of 15–50 cm (6–20 in). Many are very colourful and consequently popular in the marine aquarium trade.

Species[edit]

There are currently 38 recognized species in this genus:[2]

Manini Acanthurus triosegus

Fossil species[edit]

The four fossil species known from the Lutetian epoch, of the Eocene lagerstatte of Monte Bolca, have recently been placed in their own genus, Proacanthurus, and are considered ancestral to Acanthurus.[4]

  • Proacanthurus Blot & Tyler 1990
    • P. bonatoi Blot & Tyler 1990
    • P. elongatus Blot & Tyler 1990
    • P. ovalis (Agassiz 1844)
    • P. tenuis (Agassiz 1835)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: p.560. Retrieved 31 December 2007. 
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). Species of Acanthurus in FishBase. December 2012 version.
  3. ^ Bernal, M.A., & Rocha, L.A. (2011). "Acanthurus tractus Poey, 1860, a valid western Atlantic species of surgeonfish (Teleostei, Acanthuridae), distinct from Acanthurus bahianus Castelnau, 1855." Zootaxa 2905: 63–68.
  4. ^ Tyler; Blot (1990). Stud Ric Giacimenti Terziari Bolca 6 (45). 
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