The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, no. 1, vol 1-3. 2905
  • Intr. Hist. Nat., 455.
  • Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
  • Trans. ent. Soc. London, (2) 5, 325.


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