Overview

Comprehensive Description

[[ Genus Apogon ZBK ]]

Key to species of Apogon ZBK with a blackish to brownish midline stripe from snout to end of caudal-fin rays and without a caudal peduncular or basicaudal spot

1 Six spines in first dorsal fin; first spine not tiny 8-12 % of SL .................................... 2

- Seven spines in first dorsal fin, first spine tiny usually less than 3% of SL.. .............. 3

2 Two dark stripes on body, one from over eye to posterior base of second dorsal fin, the second a broad midlateral stripe (width of pupil) from snout to end of caudal fin; 16- 18 well developed gill rakers (rarely 15, 19 or 20). Japan and East China Sea .............. ........................................................................ Apogon kiensis Jordan & Snyder, 1901 ZBK .

- Three dark stripes on body reaching to caudal fin base, uppermost stripe commencing over eye and broad midlateral stripe (width of pupil) from snout to end of caudal fin, faint narrow stripe just above midlateral stripe; 21-24 well developed gill rakers. Red Sea, East Africa to Philippines and Australia ..................... Apogon bryx Fraser, 1998 ZBK .

3 No dark nape stripe extending along base of dorsal fins ............................................... 4

- Dark nape stripe extending along base of dorsal fins ....................................................5

4 Middle dark stripe uniform, upper arch and roof of mouth pale; 16 (15) pectoral-fin rays; 14-17 well developed gill rakers (rarely 12, 13 or 18). Red Sea, East Africa to Japan, Philippines and Australia .......................... Apogon fasciatus (White, 1790) .

- Middle dark stripe with lower edge developing into narrow vertical bars, and roof of mouth with melanophores; 15 (14 or 16) pectoral-fin rays; 17-20 well developed gill rakers (rarely 16 or 21). India to China, Philippines and New Guinea ........................... ........................................................................................ Apogon pleuron ZBK new species .

5 Two dark stripes reach onto caudal peduncle; 13-14 pectoral-fin rays. Philippines to Australia ............................................................ Apogon septemstriatus Guenther , 1880 .

- Three dark stripes reach onto caudal peduncle; 15 pectoral-fin rays. Maldives ............ ........................................................................ Apogon quinquestriatus Regan, 1907 ZBK .

  • Thomas H. Fraser (2005): A review of the species in the Apogon fasciatus group with a description of a new species of cardinalfish from the Indo-West Pacific (Perciformes: Apogonidae). Zootaxa 924, 1-30: 5-5, URL:http://www.zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:CB0C476E-97D7-4831-9C5D-2406489FDCE5
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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 6634 specimens in 165 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 3468 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 3658
  Temperature range (°C): 4.308 - 29.336
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.000 - 26.810
  Salinity (PPS): 30.220 - 40.307
  Oxygen (ml/l): 1.078 - 5.464
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.006 - 1.961
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.380 - 31.321

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 3658

Temperature range (°C): 4.308 - 29.336

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.000 - 26.810

Salinity (PPS): 30.220 - 40.307

Oxygen (ml/l): 1.078 - 5.464

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.006 - 1.961

Silicate (umol/l): 0.380 - 31.321
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:964
Specimens with Sequences:843
Specimens with Barcodes:809
Species:102
Species With Barcodes:97
Public Records:433
Public Species:45
Public BINs:56
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Apogon cf. pleuron

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Apogon cf. truncatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data

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Wikipedia

Apogon

Apogon is a large genus of fish in the family Apogonidae, the cardinalfishes. They are among the most common fish on coral reefs.[2] Over 200 species have been classified in genus Apogon as members of several subgenera.[2] Some of these subgenera, such as Ostorhinchus, have been elevated to genus status,[3] leaving just over 100 species in genus Apogon.

Species[edit]

There are currently 50 species in this genus:[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: p.560. Retrieved 2007-12-31. 
  2. ^ a b Mabuchi, K., et al. (2006). Molecular phylogeny and stripe pattern evolution in the cardinalfish genus Apogon. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38 90-99.
  3. ^ Fraser, T.H. (2014).A new genus of cardinalfish from tropical Australia and southern New Guinea (Percomorpha: Apogonidae). Zootaxa, 3852 (2): 283–293.
  4. ^ Mabuchi, K., Fraser, T.H., Song, H., Azuma, Y. & Nishida, M. (2014). Revision of the systematics of the cardinalfishes (Percomorpha: Apogonidae) based on molecular analyses and comparative reevaluation of morphological characters. Zootaxa, 3846 (2): 151–203.
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