The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Kramp, P. L. 1961. Synopsis of the medusae of the world. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, vol. 40. 1-469
- Mayer, Alfred Goldsborough. 1906. Medusae of the Hawaiian Islands Collected by the Steamer Albatross in 1902. Washington, DC : Government Printing Office. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission, vol. 23 for 1903, part III; Plate II-5