The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Carlini, D. B. 1998. The phylogeny of coleoid cephalopods inferred from molecular evolutionary analyses of the cytochrome oxidase I, muscle actin, and cytoplasmic actin genes. Ph.D. diss. Coll. William and Mary, 273 pp.
- Naef, A. 1923. Die Cephalopoden. Fauna und Flora des Golfes von Neapel, Monograph 35, 1 (1) (part 2). 149-863
- Nesis, K. N. 1982. Abridged key to the cephalopod mollusks of the world's ocean. 385+ii pp. Light and Food Industry Publishing House, Moscow. (In Russian.). Translated into English by B. S. Levitov, ed. by L. A. Burgess (1987), Cephalopods of the world. T. F. H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ, 351pp.
- Roper, Clyde F. E., C. C. Lu and Katharina Mangold. 1969. A new species of Illex from the western Atlantic and distributional aspects of other Illex species (Cephalopoda: Oegopsida). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 82. 295-322
- Sweeney, M. J. and C. F. E. Roper / N. A. Voss, M. Vecchione, R. B. Toll and M. J. Sweeney, eds. 1998. Classification, type localities and type repositories of recent Cephalopoda. Systematics and Biogeography of Cephalopods. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 586 (I-II). 561-599
- Young, R. E. and C. F. E. Roper. 1969. A monograph of the Cephalopoda of the North Atlantic: The family Cycloteuthidae. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 5:1-24.