The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Fibuier, Louis. 1868. Ocean World : Being a Descriptive History of the Sea and its Living Inhabitants. New York : D. Appleton & Co.; Fig. 82
- Reimer, J. (2013). Zoanthus Lamarck, 1801. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=206284
- Walsh, Gerald E., and Ralph L. Bowers. 1971. A review of Hawaiian zoanthids with descriptions of three new species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 50, no. 2. 161-180