Overview

Brief Summary

Biology

azooxanthellate
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© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Fossil species

recent & fossil

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Lophelia is a common cold-water coral, found throughout the ocean, generally at depths between 200 and 1000 meters, though there are records from as shallow as 40 m and as deep as 3000 m. Like familiar shallow/warm-water corals, Lophelia secretes a hard calcium carbonate skeleton, making it a reef-forming coral. It can form large reef systems, with complex three-dimensional structure, creating habitat for thousands of other species. (Fosså, 2011; Lophelia.org)

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Comprehensive Description

Description

"Genus Lophelia Milne Edwards and Haime, 1849

 

Diagnosis. Colonial, forming large dendroid colonies by intratentacular budding. Coenosteum dense. Costae and columella poorly developed. Pali absent. Sparse tabular endothecal dissepiments.

 

Type-species: Madrepora prolifera Pallas, 1766, by subsequent designation (Milne Edwards and Haime, 1850)." Cairns 1982, p. 30.

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© National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution

Source: Antarctic Invertebrates Website (NMNH)

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Distribution

Lophelia occurs throughout the cold-temperate through tropical ocean, usually at depths between 200 and 2000 m and in temperatures between 4°C and 12°C (Coll et al., 2010; Danovaro et al., 2010; Fautin et al., 2010; TRACES, 2010; Fosså, 2011).

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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 2 specimens in 2 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 536 - 536
  Temperature range (°C): 10.968 - 10.968
  Nitrate (umol/L): 13.894 - 13.894
  Salinity (PPS): 35.573 - 35.573
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.925 - 4.925
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.785 - 0.785
  Silicate (umol/l): 5.837 - 5.837
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth range based on 1934 specimens in 2 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1365 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 25 - 80000
  Temperature range (°C): 1.112 - 25.285
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.239 - 40.389
  Salinity (PPS): 33.434 - 38.810
  Oxygen (ml/l): 0.321 - 6.944
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.051 - 3.216
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.942 - 95.717

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 25 - 80000

Temperature range (°C): 1.112 - 25.285

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.239 - 40.389

Salinity (PPS): 33.434 - 38.810

Oxygen (ml/l): 0.321 - 6.944

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.051 - 3.216

Silicate (umol/l): 0.942 - 95.717
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Lophelia has been found between 40 and 3000 m depth (generally between 200-2000m) in cold water between 4°C and 12°C attached to substrates that include whale carcasses, rock, and calcium carbonate deposts. (Schroeder, 2002; TRACES, 2010; Fosså, 2011).

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Dispersal

Depth range

39-2775 m
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© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

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