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Overview

Brief Summary

Biology

azooxanthellate
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© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Fossil species

recent & fossil

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Comprehensive Description

Description

"Genus Caryophyllia Lamarck, 1801

 

 

Diagnosis. Solitary; ceratoid, turbinate, or subcylindrical; fixed or free. Septotheca usually costate. Pali opposite S3 in one crown (or before second group of septa when hexameral symmetry obscured). Columella fascicular, formed of twisted ribbons.

 

 

Type-species: Madrepora cyathus Ellis and Solander, 1786, by subsequent designation (Broderip, 1828)." Cairns 1982, p15.

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© National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution

Source: Antarctic Invertebrates Website (NMNH)

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Identification Key


An identification key for all Recent Caryophyllia species can be found in:

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14772000903571088

  • Kitahara, Marcelo V. , Cairns, Stephen D. andMiller, David J.(2010) 'Monophyletic origin of
  • Caryophyllia (Scleractinia, Caryophylliidae), with descriptions of six new species', Systematics and Biodiversity, 8: 1, 91
  • — 118

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Within the caryophylliids, the exclusively azooxanthellate genus Caryophyllia, is common worldwide and consists of 66 Recent valid species, being the most diverse Recent genus of azooxanthellate corals. All representatives of this genus are solitary, including forms firmly attached to the substrate, such as Caryophyllia berteriana Duchassaing, 1870, and others that detach at an early stage, such as Caryophyllia ambrosia Alcock, 1898, to continue a free life form on soft bottoms (sand or mud). Described by Lamarck (1801), the genus Caryophyllia accommodates the species characterized primarily by having a cylindrical, trochoid, or ceratoid corallum, if attached, or a cornute corallum if free; a circular to compressed calice; a variable septal symmetry, but hexameral symmetry with four cycles of septa being most common (Cairns, 1991); having one crown of pali before penultimate or rarely antipenultimate cycle of septa; and having a fascicular columella.

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Physical Description

Morphology

Subgenus

Diagnosis. –Corallum soitary, attached or free: if attached, corallum cylindrical, trochoid, or ceratoid; if free, corallum usually cornute. Calice circular, elliptical, or compressed; thecal edge spines present on species having compressed coralla. Septal symmetry variable, but hexameral symmetry with four cycles of septa most common (Cairns, 1991). One crown of pali present before penultimate or rarely the antipenultimate cycle of septa. Columella fascicular, composed of several twisted laths. Exclusively azooxanthellate and common in deep water. There are two subgenus within the Caryophyllia: 1)

Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) Lamarck, 1816; and 2)

Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) Milne Edward & Haime, 1848

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Ecology

Habitat

Known from seamounts and knolls
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Depth range based on 3855 specimens in 106 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2194 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 80000
  Temperature range (°C): -1.816 - 28.615
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.122 - 44.865
  Salinity (PPS): 31.893 - 38.822
  Oxygen (ml/l): 0.230 - 7.241
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.028 - 3.661
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.406 - 210.320

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 80000

Temperature range (°C): -1.816 - 28.615

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.122 - 44.865

Salinity (PPS): 31.893 - 38.822

Oxygen (ml/l): 0.230 - 7.241

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.028 - 3.661

Silicate (umol/l): 0.406 - 210.320
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Dispersal

Depth range

0-2670 m
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Wikipedia

Caryophyllia

Caryophyllia is a genus of solitary corals in the family of stony corals.

Subgenera[edit]

The genus has two subgenera with species as follows:


Species[edit]

Species in the genus include:

References[edit]

Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

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