Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to the Mountain range of Alcaraz (Albacete). Two known subpopulations exist. It is possible that the species distribution corresponds to that of Narcissus longispathus and that it may occur in other localities along Alcaraz.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This geophyte grows in dense marshes dominated by Carex hispida situated in somewhat inclined areas, near streams with low current or shallow lakes, on a substrate of rich vegetal organic matter. Sometimes, it penetrates the reeds near to water.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
EN
Endangered

Red List Criteria
A3c+4c; B2ab(iii)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2006

Assessor/s
Martínez Lirola, M.J.

Reviewer/s
Strahm, W. & de Montmollin, B. (Mediterranean Island Plants Red List Authority)

Contributor/s

Justification
The populations are very fragmented in numerous localities and occur in a small very small area. The number of individuals varies enormously between subpopulations. The habitat is very altered by anthropic activity.
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Population

Population
The two known subpopulations occur in an area of 19,000 m²:
Peñascosa I: 413 individuals
Peñascosa II: 18,150 individuals

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
The major threats to this species are the expansion of intensive pasture and other agricultural activities. The fields are burned to improve grazing and to nitrify the soil. Agricultural activities reduce the habitat of the species because of fragmentation. The pumping of water and water contamination also degrade the habitat. This plant is attractive and its collection can be a threat.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
The majority of the population occurs in a Natural Reserve. The species is cultivated ex situ at the University of Castilla-La Mancha.
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Wikipedia

Narcissus alcaracensis

Narcissus alcaracensis is a species of bulbous plant that is endemic to Spain. Its natural habitats are rivers and swamps. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Source


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