| Common names: wrasse (English), señorita (Espanol) |
Halichoeres chierchiae Di Caporiacco, 1947
Moderately elongate, compressed; enlarged canine teeth at front of both jaws (1 pair above, 2 pairs below), a canine at rear of top jaws; dorsal fin IX, 11; anal rays III, 12; pectoral rays 13; lateral line unbroken, but abruptly bent down under rear of dorsal fin, its tubes branched, except those on tail base; lateral line with 26-27 pored scales.
IP: with greenish-brown midlateral stripe intersecting with dark bars and blotches on upper half of body, lower portion of head and body pale yellow green; TP: mainly bluish on upper half with green blotches, yellow on lower half; a black blotch above tip of pectoral fins, a similar-sized patch of bright red immediately behind this; fins reddish; juvenile color pattern is similar to that of H. nicholsi, except it is darker, and the ocellus an the dorsal fin is smaller and less well defined.
Size: attains at least 20 cm.
Habitat: common on shallow rocky reefs with occasional sand-rubble patches.
Depth: 1-70 m.
Southern Baja and the Gulf of California to northern Peru, and the Revillagigedos and the Galapagos.
Global Endemism: All species, East Pacific endemic, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism: All species, TEP endemic, Continent + Island (s), Continent, Island (s)
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California), Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap), Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos), Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo), South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only
Water Column Position: Bottom, Bottom only
Habitat: Reef (rock &/or coral), Reef only, Rocks, Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated
Habitat and Ecology
Depth range (m): 1.35 - 19.5
Depth range (m): 1.35 - 19.5
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
From 2 to 69 meters.
Habitat: reef-associated. Commonly encountered in rocky reefs and sandy areas adjacent to it. Feeds on molluscs, crabs, brittle stars and sea urchins. Not utilized for human consumption.
Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs), mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves, sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins
Life History and Behavior
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Halichoeres chierchiae
Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.
See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.
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Download FASTA File
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Halichoeres chierchiae
Public Records: 5
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
CITES: Not listed
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
According to Aburto-Oropeza and Balart (2001), H. chierchiae is a common species at Los Islotes, Gulf of California, with an occurrence frequency between 10-30%. In Cabo Pulmo, Mexico, this fish was considered scarce, with a relative abundance between 0.1-1%, and a relative frequency between 25-50% (Villarreal-Cavazos et al. 2000). In Bahía de Navidad, Jalisco, still in México, this fish was not captured within 12 (one each month) field trips throughout a year (Rojo-Vázquez et al. 2001). Surveys conducted at Gorgona Island coral reefs, Colombia (Zapata and Morales, 1997; Rubio, 1986), also could not find this species.
Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems