The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • Allen, W. 1914. The Food and Feeding Habits of Freshwater Mussels. Biological Bulletin, 27: 127-146.
  • Allen, W. 1921. Studies of the Biology of Freshwater Mussels: Experimental Studies of the Food Relations of Certain Unionidae. Biological Bulletin, 40: 210-241.
  • Arey, L. 1921. An Experimental Study on Glochidia and the Factors Underlying Encystment. Journal of Experimental Zoology, 33: 463-499.
  • Bauer, G. 1987. Reproductive Strategy of the Freshwater Pearl Mussel Margaritifera margaritifera. Journal of Animal Ecology, 56: 691-704.
  • Bauer, G. 2001a. Characterization of the Unionoida (=Naiads). Pp. 3-4 in G Bauer, K Wachtler, eds. Ecological Studies: Ecology and Evolution of the Freshwater Mussels Unionoida, Vol. 145. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
  • Bauer, G. 2001b. Framework and Driving Forces for the Evolution of Naiad Life Histories. Pp. 233-255 in G Bauer, K Wachtler, eds. Ecological Studies: Ecology and Evolution of the Freshwater Mussels Unionoida, Vol. 145. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
  • Burch, J. 1975. Freshwater Unionacean Clams (Mollusca: Pelecypoda) of North America. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan.
  • Chamberlain, T. 1934. The Glochidial Conglutinates of the Arkansas Fanshell, Cyprogenia aberti (Conrad). Biological Bulletin, 66: 55-61.
  • Cummings, K., C. Mayer. 1992. Field Guide to Freshwater Mussels of the Midwest, Manual 5. Champaign, Illinois: Illinois Natural History Survey. Accessed July 13, 2003 at http://www.inhs.uiuc.edu/cbd/collections/mollusk/fieldguide.html.
  • Graf, D. 2002. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of two problematic freshwater mussel genera (Unio and Gonoidea) and a re-evaluation of the classification of Nearctic Unionidae (Bivalvia: Palaeoheterodonta: Unionoida). Journal of Molluscan Studies, 68: 65-71.
  • Graf, D., K. Cummings. 2008. "The Mussel Project: A Resource for Freshwater Malacologists" (On-line). Accessed December 15, 2008 at http://bama.ua.edu/~musselp/index.html.
  • Haas, F. 1969. Das Tierreich Lieferung 88: Superfamilia Unionacea. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
  • Huitt, S., R. Warren. 2003. "Freshwater Mussels" (On-line). Harvesting the River. Accessed August 03, 2003 at http://www.museum.state.il.us/RiverWeb/harvesting/harvest/mussels/index.html.
  • Jansen, W., G. Bauer, E. Zahner-Meike. 2001. Glochidial Mortality in Freshwater Mussels. Pp. 185-211 in G Bauer, K Wachtler, eds. Ecological Studies: Ecology and Evolution of the Freshwater Mussels Unionoida, Vol. 145. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
  • Jennings, S. 2000. "Needs in the Management of Freshwater Mussels in the National Park System" (On-line). Accessed July 18, 2003 at http://www.nature.nps.gov/wrd/mussels/mussels5-01.htm.
  • Jorgensen, C. 1990. Bivalve Filter Feeding: Hydrodynamics, Bioenergetics, Physiology, and Ecology. Denmark: Olsen and Olsen.
  • Kohl, M. 2000. "Unionidae" (On-line). Freshwater Molluscan Shells. Accessed August 31, 2003 at http://members.aol.com/savetheclams/Unionidae.html.
  • Matteson, M. 1948. Life History of Elliptio complanatus (Dillwyn, 1817). American Midland Naturalist, 40: 690-723.
  • Matteson, M. 1955. Studies on the natural history of the Unionidae. American Midland Naturalist, 53: 126-145.
  • Meglitsch, P., F. Schram. 1991. Invertebrate Zoology, Third Edition. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, Inc.
  • Pusch, M., J. Siefert, N. Walz. 2001. Filtration and Respiration Rates of Two Unionid Species and Their Impact on the Water Quality of a Lowland River. Pp. 317-326 in G Bauer, K Wachtler, eds. Ecological Studies: Ecology and Evolution of the Freshwater Mussels Unionoida, Vol. 145. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
  • Reigle, N. 1967. An occurrence of Anodonta (Mollusca, Pelecypoda) in Deep Water. American Midland Naturalist, 78: 530-531.
  • Salmon, A., R. Green. 1982. Environmental Determinants of Unionid Clam Distribution in the Middle Thames River. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 61: 832-838.
  • Simpson, C. 1900. Synopsis of the Naiads, or Pearly Fresh-water Mussels. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 22: 501-1044.
  • Simpson, C. 1914. A Descriptive Catalogue of the Naiads, or Pearly Fresh-water Mussels, Parts I-III. Detroit, MI: Bryant Walker.
  • Smith, D. 2001. Pennak's Freshwater Invertebrates of the United States: Porifera to Crustacea, Fourth Edition. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc..
  • Strayer, D. 1983. The effects of surface geology and stream size on freshwater mussel (Bivalvia: Unionidae) distribution in southeastern Michigan, U. S. A.. Freshwater Biology, 13: 253-264.
  • Strayer, D., J. Ralley. 1993. Microhabitat use by an assemblage of stream-dwelling unionaceans (Bivalvia), including two rare species of Alasmidonta. Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 12: 247-258.
  • Tankersley, R., R. Dimock Jr. 1992. Quantative Analysis of the Structure and Function of the Marsupial Gills of the Freshwater Mussel Anodonta cataracta . Biological Bulletin, 182: 145-154.
  • Turgeon, D. D., J. F. Quinn, Jr., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, et al. 1998. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26. 526
  • Turgeon, D., J. Quinn, A. Bogan, E. Coan, F. Hochberg, W. Lyons, P. Mikkelsen, R. Neves, C. Roper, G. Rosenberg, B. Roth, A. Scheltema, F. Thompson, M. Vecchione, J. Williams. 1998. Common and Scientific Names of Aquatic Invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, Second Edition. Bethesda, Maryland: American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 26.
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2003. "Species Information: Threatened and Endangered Animals and Plants" (On-line). Accessed August 13, 2003 at http://endangered.fws.gov/wildlife.html#Species.
  • Warren, R. 2000. "Native Americans: Historic" (On-line). Museum Link Illinois. Accessed August 03, 2003 at http://www.museum.state.il.us/muslink/nat_amer/post/index.html.
  • Watters, G. 1992. Unionids, Fishes, and the Species-Area Curve. Journal of Biogeography, 19: 491-490.
  • Watters, G. 1994a. North American Freshwater Mussels Part 1: The Quick and the Dead. American Conchologist, 22: 4-7. Accessed December 15, 2008 at http://www.conchologistsofamerica.org/articles/y1994/9406_watters.asp.
  • Watters, G. 1994b. North American Freshwater Mussels Part 2: Identification, Collection, and the Art of Zen Malacology. American Conchologist, 22: 11-13, 18. Accessed December 15, 2008 at http://www.conchologistsofamerica.org/articles/y1994/9409_watters.asp.
  • Watters, G. 1994c. An Annotated Bibliography of the Reproduction and Propagation of the Unionoidea (Primarily of North America). Columbus, Ohio: Ohio Biological Survey: Miscellaneous Contributions No. 1.
  • Watters, G. 1998. "Freshwater Mussels: Biology" (On-line). Conchologists of America Conch-net. Accessed July 25, 2003 at http://coa.acnatsci.org/conchnet/uniobio.html.
  • Watters, G. 2001a. "Electric Elliptio Land in North America" (On-line). Accessed July 18, 2003 at http://www.biosci.ohio-state.edu/~molluscs/Elliptio/.
  • Watters, G. 2001b. The Evolution of the Unionacea in North America, and Its Implications for the Worldwide Fauna. Pp. 281-307 in G Bauer, K Wachtler, eds. Ecological Studies: Ecology and Evolution of the Freshwater Mussels Unionoida, Vol. 145. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
  • Wiant, M. 2000. "Native Americans: Prehistoric" (On-line). Museum Link Illinois. Accessed August 03, 2003 at http://www.museum.state.il.us/muslink/nat_amer/pre/index.html.
  • van der Schalie, H. 1940. Aestivation of Fresh-Water Mussels. Nautilus, 43: 137-138.

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