The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • Allen, W. 1914. The Food and Feeding Habits of Freshwater Mussels. Biological Bulletin, 27(3): 127-146.
  • Allen, W. 1921. Studies of the Biology of Freshwater Mussels: Experimental Studies of the Food Relations of Certain Unionidae. Biological Bulletin, 40(4): 210-241.
  • Araujo, R., M. Ramos. 2001. Life-History Data on the Virtually Unknown Margaritifera auricularia . Pp. 143-152 in G Bauer, K Wachtler, eds. Ecological Studies: Ecology and Evolution of the Freshwater Mussels Unionoida, Vol. 145. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
  • Arey, L. 1921. An Experimental Study on Glochidia and the Factors Underlying Encystment. Journal of Experimental Zoology, 33(2): 463-499.
  • Bauer, G. 1987. Reproductive Strategy of the Freshwater Pearl Mussel Margaritifera margaritifera. Journal of Animal Ecology, 56: 691-704.
  • Bauer, G. 2001a. Life-History Variation on Different Taxonomic Levels of Naiads. Pp. 83-91 in G Bauer, K Wachtler, eds. Ecological Studies: Ecology and Evolution of the Freshwater Pearl Mussels Unionoida, Vol. 145. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
  • Bauer, G. 2001b. Framework and Driving Forces for the Evolution of Naiad Life Histories. Pp. 233-255 in G Bauer, K Wachtler, eds. Ecological Studies: Ecology and Evolution of the Freshwater Mussels Unionoida, Vol. 145. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
  • Cummings, K., C. Mayer. 1992. Field Guide to Freshwater Mussels of the Midwest, Manual 5. Champaign, IL: Illinois Natural History Survey.
  • Davis, G., S. Fuller. 1981. Genetic Relationships Among Recent Unionacea (Bivalvia) of North America. Malacologia, 20: 217-253.
  • Haas, F. 1940. A Tentative Classification of the Palearctic Unionids. Field Museum of Natural History Zool Ser, 24: 115-141.
  • Haas, F. 1969. Das Tierreich Lieferung 88: Superfamilia Unionacea. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
  • Heard, W., R. Guckert. 1970. A Re-Evaluation of the Recent Unionacea (Pelecypoda) of North America. Malacologia, 10: 333-355.
  • Huitt, S., R. Warren. 2003. "Harvesting the River: Freshwater Mussels" (On-line). Illinois State Museum. Accessed August 03, 2003 at http://www.museum.state.il.us/RiverWeb/harvesting/harvest/mussels/index.html.
  • Jansen, W., G. Bauer, E. Zahner-Meike. 2001. Glochidial Mortality in Freshwater Mussels. Pp. 185-211 in G Bauer, K Wachtler, eds. Ecological Studies: Ecology and Evolution of the Freshwater Mussels Unionoida, Vol. 145. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
  • Jorgensen, C. 1990. Bivalve Filter Feeding: Hydrodynamics, Bioenergetics, Physiology, and Ecology. Denmark: Olsen & Olsen.
  • Kennard, A., A. Salisbury, B. Woodward. 1925. Notes on the British Post-Pliocene Unionidae with More Especial Regard to the Means of Identification of Fossil Fragments. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 16: 267-290.
  • Matteson, M. 1948. Life History of Elliptio complanatus (Dillwyn, 1817). American Midland Naturalist, 40(3): 690-723.
  • Matteson, M. 1955. Studies on the natural history of the Unionidae. American Midland Naturalist, 53: 126-145.
  • McMahon, R. 1991. Mollusca: Bivalvia. Pp. 315-373 in J Thorp, A Covich, eds. Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, Inc..
  • Meglitsch, P., F. Schram. 1991. Invertebrate Zoology, Third Edition. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
  • Ortmann, A. 1910. A New System of the Unionidae. Nautilus, 23: 114-120.
  • Ortmann, A. 1911. The Anatomical Structure of Certain Exotic Naiads Compared with That of North American Forms. Nautilus, 24: 127-131.
  • Pusch, M., J. Siefert, N. Walz. 2001. Filtration and Respiration Rates of Two Unionid Species and Their Impact on the Water Quality of a Lowland River. Pp. 317-326 in G Bauer, K Wachtler, eds. Ecological Studies: Ecology and Evolution of the Freshwater Mussels Unionoida, Vol. 145. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
  • Smith, D. 1980. Anatomical Studies on Margaritifera margaritifera and Cumberlandia monodonta (Mollusca: Pelecypoda: Margaritiferidae). Zool J Linn Soc, 69: 257-270.
  • Smith, D. 2001a. Pennak's Freshwater Invertebrates of the United States: Porifera to Crustacea, Fourth Edition. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc..
  • Smith, D. 2001b. Systematics and Distribution of the Recent Margaritiferidae. Pp. 33-49 in G Bauer, K Wachtler, eds. Ecological Studies: Ecology and Evolution of the Freshwater Mussels Unionoida, Vol. 145. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
  • Smith, D., W. Wall. 1984. The Margaritiferidae Reinstated: A Reply to Davis and Fuller (1981), Genetic Relationships Among Recent Unionacea (Bivalvia) of North America. Occas Pap Mollusks Mus Comp Zool Harv Univ, 4: 321-330.
  • Turgeon, D. D., J. F. Quinn, Jr., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, et al. 1998. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26. 526
  • Turgeon, D., J. Quinn, A. Bogan, E. Coan, F. Hochberg, W. Lyons, P. Mikkelsen, R. Neves, C. Roper, G. Rosenberg, B. Roth, A. Scheltema, F. Thompson, M. Vecchione, J. Williams. 1998. Common and Scientific Names of Aquatic Invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, Second Edition. Bethesda, MD: American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 26.
  • USFWS, 2003. "Species Information: Threatened and Endangered Animals and Plants" (On-line). USFWS Division of Endangered Species. Accessed December 20, 2003 at http:endangered.fws.gov/wildlife.html#Species.
  • Van der Shalie, H. 1940. Aestivation of Fresh-Water Mussels. Nautilus, 43(3): 137-138.
  • Wachtler, K., M. Dreher-Mansur, T. Richter. 2001. Larval Types and Early Postlarval Biology in Naiads (Unionoida). Pp. 93-125 in G Bauer, K Wachtler, eds. Ecological Studies: Ecology and Evolution of the Freshwater Mussels Unionoida, Vol. 145. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
  • Watters, G. 1992. , Fishes, and the Species-Area Curve. Journal of Biogeography, 19(5): 481-490.
  • Watters, G. 1994a. American Freshwater Mussels Part I: The Quick and the Dead. American Conchologist, 22(1): 4-7. Accessed August 01, 2003 at http://coa.acnatsci.org/conchnet/acfwmus1.html.
  • Watters, G. 1994b. An Annotated Bibliography of the Reproduction and Propagation of the Unionoida (Primarily of North America). Columbus, Ohio: Ohio Biological Survey: Miscellaneous Contributions, No. 1.
  • Watters, G. 1998. "Freshwater Mussels: Biology" (On-line). Conchologists of America Conch-net web page. Accessed July 25, 2003 at http://coa.acnatsci.org/conchnet/uniobio.html.
  • Wiant, M. 2000. "Native Americans: Prehistoric" (On-line). Museum Link Illinois. Accessed August 03, 2003 at http://www.museum.state.il.us/muslink/nat_amer/pre/index.html.

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