Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Adults are found in ponds, canals, beels, slow-moving streams, nullahs and paddy fields (Ref. 41236). Development of oocytes is asynchronous, are fractional spawners (Ref. 94282).
  • Menon, A.G.K. 1999 Check list - fresh water fishes of India. Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Misc. Publ., Occas. Pap. No. 175, 366 p. (Ref. 41236)
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Distribution

Range Description

Amblypharyngodon mola is recorded from Pakistan (Indus plain and the adjoining hills), India, and Bangladesh. Its presence in Myanmar (S. Kullander pers. comm.) and in southern India (Rema Devi and M. Arunachalam per. comm.) needs further verification.
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Asia: Pakistan, India, Bangladesh and Myanmar (Ref. 4832). Reported from Afghanistan (Ref. 39701).
  • Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran 1991 Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541 p. (Ref. 4832)
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Asia: Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bangladesh.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 200 mm ---
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Max. size

20.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 41236))
  • Menon, A.G.K. 1999 Check list - fresh water fishes of India. Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Misc. Publ., Occas. Pap. No. 175, 366 p. (Ref. 41236)
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Ecology

Habitat

Indus River Benthopelagic Habitat

This taxon is one of a number of benthopelagic species in the Indus River system. Benthopelagic fish inhabit the water column niche immediately above the bottom, feeding on benthos and zooplankton. Water quality issues in the Indus River habitat have historically been dominated by sediment loading in a watershed which is subject to high natural erosivity, and early disturbance by sedentary agriculture on the floodplains and valleys, which disturbances began in prehistory and continue to the present time. Major tributaries of the Indus rise in the Himalayan Mountains and the Hindu Kush; these influent rivers include the Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi and Sutlej. The Indus mainstem rises on the Tibetan Plateau and flows generally westward.

The Green Revolution has exacerbated water pollution by considerable additions of nitrate to promote crop growth. Other aggravating factors have included increasing amounts of herbicides and pesticides, as pressures to increase crop production expand. Flow of the perennial Indus is dominated by: (a) meltwaters from the Tibetan icefield, the third largest ice sheet formation in the world; (b) snowfall and snowmelt from higher elevation of the watershed; and (c) episodic monsoonal rains that lead to periodic flooding in the Indus River basin.

There are several high trophic level native benthopelagic freshwater fish taxa found in the Indus River system including: the 70 cm scaly osman (Diptychus maculatus), the 30 cm reba (Bangana ariza), the 30 cm Indus snowtrout (Ptychobarbus conirostris), the 30 cm Kunar snowtrout (Schizothorax labiatus), the 35 cm false osman (Schizopygopsis stoliczkai), the 47 cm Chirruh snowtrout (Schizothorax esocinus), and the 40 cm Sattar snowtrout (Schizopyge curvifrons)..

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Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology

Found in all freshwater bodies.


Systems
  • Freshwater
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Environment

benthopelagic; freshwater
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Trophic Strategy

Inhabits rivers, canals, beels, ponds and inundated fields (Ref. 1479).
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Asynchronous oocytes development, fractional spawner (Ref. 94282).
  • Gupta, S. and S. Banerjee 2013 Studies on some aspects of reproductive biology of Amblypharyngodon mola (Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822). Int. Res. J. Biol. Sci. 2(2):69-77. (Ref. 94282)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Amblypharyngodon mola

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 12
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Chaudhry, S.

Reviewer/s
Kullander, S.O., Rema Devi, K.R., Arunachalam, M., Dahanukar, N. & Daniel, B.A.

Contributor/s
Molur, S.

Justification

A widespread species with no known major threats, Amblypharyngodon mola is assessed as Least Concern.

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Population

Population

There is no information on the population and its trends for this species, but survey data suggests that it is relatively widespread and common.


Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats

No information to suggest risk (S. Kullander pers. comm. 2010)

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Least Concern (LC)
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions

More research about the the biology of this species is needed. Potential threats to this species also need to be identified.

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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of no interest
  • Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran 1991 Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541 p. (Ref. 4832)
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