Comprehensive Description

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  Common names: butterfish (English), palometa (Espanol)
Peprilus ovatus  Horn, 1970

Cortez butterfish

Body highly compressed, a deep oval; deep body (depth 54-68% of SL); eye large, surrounded by a fatty right; snout very short, distinctly < eye length, mouth small, oblique, ends before or under front of eye; jaw teeth compressed, 3-pointed, in 1 row, no teeth on roof of mouth;  gill rakers 21-26; dorsal and anal fins long based, front lobes slightly raised in a blunt point, anal much lower than dorsal; dorsal rays IV (III-IV), 40-46; anal rays II, 40-46; no pelvic fins but a small spine projecting from pelvis; pectorals long and pointed, 19-23 rays; tail fin deeply forked, stiff; scales very small, smooth, very easily shed; dorsal and anal fins covered with scales; lateral line high, follows upper body profile, almost complete;  often a series of irregularly spaced, slit-like pores along upper body; 31-33 vertebrae.

Silvery white

Size: reaches 28 cm.

Inhabits sand bottoms of exposed coasts.

Depth: 0-27 m.

Known only from the northern Gulf of California.


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© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system.

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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