Overview

Brief Summary

The Pancake Batfish (Halieutichthys aculeatus) is a species of fish in the batfish family (Ogcocephalidae). Batfishes in general are characterized by a depressed body disk, which in most species (including those in Halieutichthys) appears circular or triangular in dorsal view, Species in the genus Halieutichthys, known generally as pancake batfishes, are bottom-dwellers and are often found over sandy substrata at depths ranging from 10 m to more than 800 m. Members of this genus occur in the western Atlantic Ocean, including the coasts of the southern United States, the West Indies, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean Sea.

Research published in 2010 revealed that what had previously been treated as a single species, H. aculeatus, was actually a complex of several similar species. Ho et al. (2010) reviewed the morphology and complex taxonomic history of the genus Halieutichthys, including the description of two new species, distinct from H. aculeatus and belonging to what they now refer to as the H. aculeatus complex. Members of the H. aculeatus complex occur mainly along the Atlantic coast of the southern United States and in the Gulf of Mexico (whereas members of the H. caribbaeus complex occur mainly in the Caribbean and West Indies). They have a reticulate pattern on the dorsal surface of the body, many tubercles on the tail, and usually two black bands extending fully across the pectoral fin. (Ho et al. 2010).

  • Ho, H. C., P. Chakrabarty, and J.S. Sparks. 2010. Review of the Halieutichthys aculeatus species complex (Lophiiformes: Ogcocephalidae), with descriptions of two new species. Journal of Fish Biology 77: 841–869.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Sara Eckert and Leo Shapiro

Supplier: Sara Eckert

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits bare sandy bottom where, during the day, it rests partly covered by a thin layer of sand (Ref. 5521).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Distribution

Western Atlantic: Bahamas, North Carolina (USA) and northern Gulf of Mexico to northern South America
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Western Atlantic: coast of southern USA (18.0°N-36.5°N) and throughout Gulf of Mexico.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Western Atlantic.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 46; Analspines: 0
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Size

Maximum size: 100 mm TL
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Max. size

10.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251))
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Diagnostic Description

This species of the H. aculeatus complex is distinguished by having 2 narrow black bands across pectoral fin; with well-developed outer sphenotic tubercle and strongly reduced inner sphenotic tubercle; tubercles relatively small but sharp; tubercles almost always absent dorsal to orbit; relatively fine reticulate pigmentation pattern on dorsal surface (i.e. densely arranged network of melanophores); relatively small with adult body size usually attaining
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Type Information

Type for Halieutichthys aculeatus
Catalog Number: USNM 31862
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission (USFC)
Year Collected: 1882
Locality: 125 Fm, New York, United States, Atlantic
  • Type: Goode, G. B. & Bean, T. H. 1884. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 2: 88.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Type for Halieutichthys aculeatus
Catalog Number: USNM 49537
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration
Year Collected: 1899
Locality: Harbor of Mayaguez, Porto Rico [sic], Custom House NE 3/4 E - 4.5 Miles; Tangent of land south about Pt. Melomas 11 miles., Puerto Rico, Greater Antilles, Caribbean Sea, Atlantic
Depth (m): 7 to 11
Vessel: Fish Hawk
  • Type: Evermann, B. W. & Marsh, M. C. 1902. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission. 20 (for 1900): 339, fig. 112.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

benthic
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 5 - 820 m (Ref. 13608), usually 5 - 150 m (Ref. 85070)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Depth range based on 229 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 120 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 15 - 768
  Temperature range (°C): 4.106 - 27.880
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.674 - 34.180
  Salinity (PPS): 33.535 - 36.502
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.320 - 5.512
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.055 - 2.423
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.942 - 70.039

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 15 - 768

Temperature range (°C): 4.106 - 27.880

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.674 - 34.180

Salinity (PPS): 33.535 - 36.502

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.320 - 5.512

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.055 - 2.423

Silicate (umol/l): 0.942 - 70.039
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Depth: 45 - 820m.
From 45 to 820 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Halieutichthys aculeatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 8
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Pancake batfish

The pancake batfish, Halieutichthys aculeatus, belongs to the family Ogcocephalidae of batfishes. Their distributrition includes western Atlantic, North Carolina, northern Gulf of Mexico to northern South America. They inhabit a subtropical, sandy, reef-associated, and 45–820 m deep environment.[1]

They live on the bottom, covered in sand. The fish are flat, resembling pancakes.

Two new species of Halieutichthys batfish were discovered in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010, in the region directly affected by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. The two species were named Halieutichthys intermedius and Halieutichthys bispinosus.[2]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2006). "Halieutichthys aculeatus" in FishBase. February 2006 version.
  2. ^ Reuters, Yahoo! (July 8, 2010). "New batfish species found under Gulf oil spill". Yahoo! News. Retrieved 9 July 2010. [dead link]
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!