Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found in large rivers; sometimes found in rapids (Ref. 2829). Aquarium keeping: solitary, agressive towards others (René König, pers. comm., 2004) .
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Distribution

Range Description

Tetraodon miurus is known from the Lower Congo River basin (Stiassny, M., pers. obs.), Pool Malebo (Stanley Pool), the Central Congo River basin and from one record from Kaswabilenga, right affluent of the Lufira River, This species is known from upper Lualaba.
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Africa: Congo basin.
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Central Africa.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 150 mm SL
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Max. size

15.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 2829))
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This is a demersal species. It is found in large rivers and sometimes in rapids (Roberts 1986). Aquarium keeping: solitary, aggressive towards others (René König, pers. comm., 2004).

Systems
  • Freshwater
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Environment

demersal; freshwater
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Tetraodon miurus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Tetraodon miurus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 4
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Moelants, T.

Reviewer/s
Brummett, R., Mbe Tawe, A.N., Dening Touokong, C., Reid, G.M., Snoeks, J. Staissny, M., Moelants, T., Mamonekene, V., Ndodet, B., Ifuta, S.N.B., Chilala, A., Monsembula, R., Ibala Zamba, A., Opoye Itoua, O., Pouomogne, V., Darwall, W. & Smith, K.

Contributor/s

Justification
The species is widespread or without major threats throughout the Central Africa assessment region and is assessed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
No information available.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
None known.
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
None known.
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Wikipedia

Congo pufferfish

The Congo puffer or potato puffer (Tetraodon miurus) is a freshwater pufferfish found in areas of the Congo River in Africa including rapids.

Congo puffers grow to about 15 cm long.[1] In the wild, they feed mainly on fish, but in captivity they will happily eat different foods, such as bloodworms and river shrimp. They are inactive fish, spending most of their time buried in sand or other substrate, with the ability to adapt their colouration to hide from potential prey. However, there are many colour variations within the species, ranging from black to sandy to bright red.

This puffer has the ability to change coloring to match the substrate it lives in. It will not change to blue for example, but if in a dark substrate will generally become darker in color. If introduced into estabilshed aquarium with bigger fish (such as angels) and provided with a healthy supply of live foods to eat, it will live happily with other tank mates.

Like all members of the Tetraodon family, the Congo puffer is capable of inflating itself with water or air when stressed or otherwise frightened.

In captivity, Congo puffers require at least a 30 US gallon tank with the temperature between 23° and 26°C. They are sensitive to both nitrites and nitrates, so overfiltration is required. The water pH should be approximately 7.[2] The lifespan and breeding habits of Congo puffers are unknown.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tetraodon miurus". FishBase. 
  2. ^ Riehl, Rüdiger; Hans A. Baensch (1993). Aquarium Atlas 2 (4 ed.). Rockport. p. 1162. ISBN 1-56465-114-2. 
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