Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

FishBase

Name Relationship
Sargocentron caudimaculatum (Rüppell, 1838) Preferred
Adioryx andamanensis (Day, 1871) Synonym
Adioryx caudimaculatus (Rüppell, 1838)
Holocentrum andamanense Day, 1871
Holocentrum leonoides Bleeker, 1849
Holocentrus andamanensis (Day, 1871)
Holocentrus caudimaculatus Rüppell, 1838
Holocentrus rubellio Seale, 1906
Holocentrus ruber (non Forsskål, 1775) Misapplied name
Holocentrus spinifer (non Forsskål, 1775)
Holocentrus spiniferum (non Forsskål, 1775)
Sargocentron caudimaculatus (Rüppell, 1838)
Sargocentron caudomaculatum (Rüppell, 1838)
Sargocentron caudomaculatus (Rüppell, 1838)

Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013

Name Relationship
Sargocentron caudimaculatum (Rüppell, 1838) Preferred
Holocentrus andamanensis (Day, 1871)
Sargocentron caudomaculatus (Rüppell, 1838)
Sargocentron caudomaculatum (Rüppell, 1838)
Holocentrum andamanense Day, 1871
Adioryx caudimaculatus (Rüppell, 1838)
Adioryx andamanensis (Day, 1871)
Holocentrus caudimaculatus Rüppell, 1838
Holocentrus ruber (non Forsskål, 1775)
Holocentrus rubellio Seale, 1906
Holocentrus spiniferum (non Forsskål, 1775)
Holocentrum leonoides Bleeker, 1849
Holocentrus spinifer (non Forsskål, 1775)
Holocentrus sp. Not applicable
Sargocentron caudimaculatus (Rüppell, 1838)

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

Name Relationship
Sargocentron caudimaculatum (Rüppell, 1838) Preferred
Holocentrus caudimaculatus Rüppell, 1838 Original name/combination
Adioryx caudimaculatus (Rüppell, 1838) Subsequent name/combination
Adioryx andamanensis (Day, 1871) Junior synonym

NCBI Taxonomy

Name Relationship
Sargocentron caudimaculatum Preferred
Sargocentron caudimaculatum (Ruppell, 1838)

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