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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Occurs in lagoon and seaward reefs. Hides in crevices under rocks and coral formations during the day and hunts at night. Typically with head towards the safety of their hide-out or narrow passage (Ref. 48635). Feeds on shrimps and crabs. Venomous and capable of inflicting a painful sting. Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874. Solitary or in groups, under ledges and holes (Ref. 37816).
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Distribution

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to Marquesan and Mangaréva islands, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland, Australia and Kermadec (Ref. 8879) and Austral islands.
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East and South Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Wake Atoll, northern Line Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia at 32°09'S, Sydney (New South Wales), Kermadec Islands and Rapa.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11 - 12; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 6
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Size

Maximum size: 200 mm TL
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Max. size

20.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4313))
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Occurs in lagoon and seaward reefs to a depth of at least 50 m. Hides in crevices under rocks and coral formations during the day and hunts at night, feeding on shrimps and crabs. Venomous and capable of inflicting a painful sting.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Reddish to tan with many dark bars on body; median fins with scattered dark spots; tentacle above eye long and with dark bands (Ref. 4313). Adults with bluish black blotches near the base of the pectoral fins (Ref. 48635)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 2 - 50 m (Ref. 9710)
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Depth range based on 112 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 58 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.4575 - 449.265
  Temperature range (°C): 22.496 - 29.264
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.050 - 3.804
  Salinity (PPS): 32.279 - 36.148
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.916 - 5.079
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.073 - 0.449
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.736 - 4.892

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.4575 - 449.265

Temperature range (°C): 22.496 - 29.264

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.050 - 3.804

Salinity (PPS): 32.279 - 36.148

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.916 - 5.079

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.073 - 0.449

Silicate (umol/l): 0.736 - 4.892
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 2 - 50m.
From 2 to 50 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Broadbarred firefish.  (Bloch, 1787)  Attains about 20 cm. Tentacle above eye usually long with dark bands. Natal northwards and to central Pacific.
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Trophic Strategy

Occurs in lagoon and seaward reefs. Hides in crevices under rocks and coral formations during the day and hunts at night, feeding on shrimps and crabs (Ref. 4313).
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Diseases and Parasites

Turbidity of the Skin (Marine fish). Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Pterois antennata

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 16 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CACCCTGTATCTAGTATTTGGTGCCTGAGCCGGTATAGTAGGCACAGCCTTGAGCCTGCTTATTCGGGCAGAACTCAGTCAACCAGGCGCCCTATTAGGGGACGACCAAATCTATAACGTAATTGTTACAGCCCATGCGTTCGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATACCAATCATGATTGGGGGTTTTGGAAACTGACTTATCCCATTAATGATTGGGGCACCAGACATAGCATTTCCTCGTATGAACAACATAAGCTTTTGACTTCTTCCACCCTCTTTCCTGCTTCTCCTGGCCTCTTCCGGGGTTGAAGCAGGGGCTGGAACAGGTTGAACAGTCTACCCGCCCTTGGCGGGCAACCTTGCCCACGCGGGGGCATCTGTAGACCTAACAATTTTTTCCTTGCACTTAGCAGGTATTTCATCAATTCTAGGGGCCATTAACTTTATTACAACAATTATTAACATGAAGCCCCCAGCGATTTCTCAGTACCAAACTCCTTTATTTGTATGGGCTGTTTTAATTACGGCAGTTGTTCTACTTCTTTCACTACCAGTCCTTGCCGCCGGCATTACGATGCTACTCACTGATCGGAACCTTAACACCACCTTCTTTGACCCGGCGGGGGGAGGAGACCCGATTCTTTACCAACACCT
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Pterois antennata

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 17
Specimens with Barcodes: 27
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: subsistence fisheries; aquarium: commercial
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Wikipedia

Pterois antennata

The spotfin lionfish[1] or broadbarred firefish, Pterois antennata, is a fish found in the tropical Indian and Western Pacific Oceans; it grows to a maximum of 20 cm (8 in) and packs a venomous sting. Its typical habitat is in lagoons and reefs, where it hides during the day and hunts shrimp and crab at night.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). Species of Pterois in FishBase. December 2012 version.
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