Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits lagoon and seaward reefs up to a depth of at least 32 m (Ref. 9710).
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Distribution

Range Description

This species is found in the western and cental Pacific Ocean, from Samoa to Tonga, Cook Islands, Line Islands, Society Islands, French Polynesia and Pitcairn Island.

Records from the Philippines are almost certainly misidentifications (though they could possibly be of aquarium specimens), and those from Vanuatu, New Caledonia and the northern Great Barrier Reef need to be verified.
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Eastern Central Pacific: Samoa to the Line and Society islands, French Polynesia and the Pitcairn Group.
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Western Pacific.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 90 mm ---
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Max. size

9.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710))
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Type Information

Paratype for Labroides rubrolabiatus
Catalog Number: USNM 164604
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): J. Randall
Year Collected: 1956
Locality: Caroline Atoll, Off Lee Reef, Caroline Atoll, Kiribati, Line Islands, Pacific
  • Paratype:
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Holotype for Labroides rubrolabiatus
Catalog Number: USNM 164603
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): J. Randall
Year Collected: 1956
Locality: Society Islands, Moorea Lagoon, Near Entrance To Papetoai Bay, Shore Reef, 100 Ft. From Shore, Moorea, French Polynesia, Society Islands, Pacific
  • Holotype:
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This tropical species inhabits a variety of coral reef habitats, including lagoons and seaward reefs to at least 32 m depth (Lieske and Myers 1994).

There appears to be no adult colour dimorphism, the males and females having generally the same colour pattern. No information appears to be available on the juvenile colour pattern.

Like other species in this genus (L. phthirophagus and L. dimidiatus), this species is probably active in the daytime, and probably produces a protective mucous cocoon at night (Tinker 1978). It is probably also an obligate cleaner, feeding on the crustacean ectoparasites of other fishes, probably including gnathiid isopods (Grutter 1997), and also on fish mucus (Masuda and Allen 1993).

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 1 - 32 m (Ref. 9710)
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Depth: 1 - 32m.
From 1 to 32 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Inhabits lagoon and seaward reefs up to a depth of at least 32 m (Ref. 9710).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Labroides rubrolabiatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Pollard, D. & Rocha, L.

Reviewer/s
Craig, M.T. & Carpenter, K.E.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species has a relatively wide distribution in the western and cental Pacific Ocean, though the status of its populations there are little known. Although it is collected for the aquarium trade, it is present in marine protected areas within its range, and is not thought to be undergoing any widespread population decline. It is therefore listed as Least Concern. More research is needed on sustainable harvest levels and the impact of collection on this species.
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Population

Population
Little is known about the status of the populations of this species. This species is relatively common throughout its range.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no known major threats to this species, although it is occassionally taken in the marine aquarium fish trade and coral habitat degradation may have some localized impacts on this species.
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for this species. However, its distribution includes some Marine Protected Areas within its range.

Given the collection of this species for the aquarium trade, more research is needed on the impact of its collection.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

aquarium: commercial
  • Anonymous 2001 On reef fisheries exploitation and trade in Indonesia. p. 41-44. In Country Status Overview 2001on reef fisheries exploitation and trade in Indonesia. Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, Telepak Indo. Found. And International Marine Alliance (IMA) Indonesia. Indonesia. (Ref. 40944)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=40944&speccode=187 External link.
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