Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Common in shallow protected water, sheltering among the spines of Diadema sea-urchins in groups of up to about 30 individuals (number depends on the size of the urchin and the length of the fish).
  • Gon, O. 1993 Revision of the cardinalfish genus Cheilodipterus (Perciformes: Apogonidae), with description of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (22):59 p. (Ref. 8525)
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Distribution

Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea, Gulf of Oman, and the Persian Gulf.
  • Gon, O. 1993 Revision of the cardinalfish genus Cheilodipterus (Perciformes: Apogonidae), with description of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (22):59 p. (Ref. 8525)
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Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden east to Persian Gulf (Arabian Gulf).
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 65 mm SL
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Max. size

8.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 11441))
  • Randall, J.E. 1995 Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 439 p. (Ref. 11441)
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Diagnostic Description

Color in life silvery gray with 4 black stripes. 5th stripe runs along anal-fin base, continues anteriorly to pelvic-fin base, at which point it curves upward to reach in front of pectoral-fin base. The part of this stripe anterior to anal-fin base is often indistinct. A black oval spot at middle of caudal peduncle encircled by a yellow area. A distinct black spot on dorsal surface of caudal peduncle. Area between yellow pigment and this spot appears as distinct white mark. Fins pale (Ref 8525).
  • Gon, O. 1993 Revision of the cardinalfish genus Cheilodipterus (Perciformes: Apogonidae), with description of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (22):59 p. (Ref. 8525)
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Type Information

Type for Cheilodipterus bipunctatus
Catalog Number: USNM 147944
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Radiograph
Collector(s): D. Erdman
Year Collected: 1948
Locality: Saudi Arabia: Persian Gulf, Tarut Bay, Ras Tanura, Um Rahine, 1.25 miles north of fish pier., Saudi Arabia, Tarut Bay, Persian Gulf, Indian
  • Type:
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Paratype for Cheilodipterus bipunctatus
Catalog Number: USNM 112039
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): D. Erdman
Year Collected: 1948
Locality: Saudi Arabia: Persian Gulf, Tarut Bay, Ras Tanura, Um Rahine, 1.25 miles north of fish pier., Saudi Arabia, Tarut Bay, Persian Gulf, Indian
  • Paratype:
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 1 - 10 m (Ref. 11441)
  • Randall, J.E. 1995 Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 439 p. (Ref. 11441)
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Depth range based on 10 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 3 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1.5 - 12
  Temperature range (°C): 27.353 - 28.720
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.048 - 0.862
  Salinity (PPS): 34.960 - 37.566
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.314 - 4.664
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.167 - 0.277
  Silicate (umol/l): 3.015 - 3.344

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1.5 - 12

Temperature range (°C): 27.353 - 28.720

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.048 - 0.862

Salinity (PPS): 34.960 - 37.566

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.314 - 4.664

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.167 - 0.277

Silicate (umol/l): 3.015 - 3.344
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 1 - 10m.
From 1 to 10 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
  • Thresher, R.E. 1984 Reproduction in reef fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Ltd., Neptune City, New Jersey. 399 p. (Ref. 240)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Cheilodipterus novemstriatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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