| Common names: searobin (English), cabro (Espanol), rubio (Espanol), vaca (Espanol) |
Prionotus horrens Richardson, 1844
Head deep; eye large; wide between eyes; projecting snout plates short; no transverse groove across top of head behind eyes; bony ridge under eye with 2 spines at rear; teeth on jaws and roof of mouth simple; two separate dorsal fins, X + 10-12; pectoral fins relatively short, barely reaching under origin of 2nd dorsal, 13-14 rays, with 2-3 enlarged free rays at bottom of fin that are detached from main fin; body with rough scales; flank scales smooth; rear flap of operculum with scales; nape scaled; lateral-line scales 93-105.
Grey brown with dark blotch below rear part of second dorsal fin and broad brown band below eye with an extension behind mouth; pectoral fin blackish with large clear patch on outer half; tail fin with large dark spots basally and blackish longitudinal streaks on outer half forming three irregular bars.
Size: reaches 35 cm.
Habitat: trawled on mud-sand.
Depth: 7-105 m.
Southern Baja and the SW and eastern Gulf of California to Peru.
Global Endemism: All species, East Pacific endemic, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism: All species, TEP endemic, Continental TEP endemic, Mexican + Panamic provinces endemic, Continent, Continent only
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California), Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap), Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos), Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo), South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
- Bussing, W.A. 1995 Triglidae. Rubios. p. 1643-1648. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9352)
Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only
Water Column Position: Bottom, Bottom only
Habitat: Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove), Soft bottom only, Mud, Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat: Demersal
Habitat and Ecology
Depth range (m): 3 - 80
Depth range (m): 3 - 80
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
Diet: mobile benthic worms, mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs), mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves, octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Life History and Behavior
CITES: Not listed
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
- IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.