Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

  Common names: searobin (English), cabro (Espanol), rubio (Espanol), vaca (Espanol)
 
Prionotus horrens Richardson, 1844


Bristly searobin



Head deep; eye large; wide between eyes; projecting snout plates short; no transverse groove across top of head behind eyes; bony ridge under eye with 2 spines at rear; teeth on jaws and roof of mouth simple; two separate dorsal fins, X + 10-12; pectoral fins relatively short, barely reaching under origin of 2nd  dorsal, 13-14 rays, with 2-3 enlarged free rays at bottom of fin that are detached from main fin;  body with rough scales;  flank scales smooth; rear flap of operculum with scales; nape scaled; lateral-line scales 93-105.


Grey brown with dark blotch below rear part of second dorsal fin and broad brown band below eye with an extension behind mouth; pectoral fin blackish with large clear patch on outer half; tail fin with large dark spots basally and blackish longitudinal streaks on outer half forming three irregular bars.

Size: reaches 35 cm.

Habitat: trawled on mud-sand.

Depth: 7-105 m.

Southern Baja and the SW and eastern Gulf of California to Peru.   
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Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to the Eastern Pacific, and is found from southern Baja California and the Gulf of California to northern Peru.
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Zoogeography

See Map (including site records) of Distribution in the Tropical Eastern Pacific 
 
Global Endemism: All species, East Pacific endemic, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic

Regional Endemism: All species, TEP endemic, Continental TEP endemic, Mexican + Panamic provinces endemic, Continent, Continent only

Residency: Resident

Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California), Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap), Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos), Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo), South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
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Eastern Pacific: Mazatlan, Mexico to Peru.
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Eastern Pacific.
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Depth

Depth Range (m): 7 (S) - 105 (S)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Size

Length max (cm): 35.0 (S)
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Size

Maximum size: 350 mm TL
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This demersal species is found over mud and sandy bottoms to depths of 105m.

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

demersal; marine
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Depth range based on 30 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 3 - 80

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 3 - 80
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Salinity: Marine, Marine Only

Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only

Water Column Position: Bottom, Bottom only

Habitat: Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove), Soft bottom only, Mud, Sand & gravel

FishBase Habitat: Demersal
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Trophic Strategy

Feeding

Feeding Group: Carnivore

Diet: mobile benthic worms, mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs), mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves, octopus/squid/cuttlefish
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Life History and Behavior

Reproduction

Egg Type: Pelagic, Pelagic larva
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
van der Heiden, A., Cotto, A., Rojas, P., Bearez, P. & Collette, B.

Reviewer/s
Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is widespread in the Eastern Pacific. There are no major threats to this species, and no current indication of population decline. It is listed as Least Concern.
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IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed

CITES: Not listed
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Population

Population
No population information is available for this species.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no major threats known for this species. It is occasionally caught as bycatch in shrimp trawls.
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known conservation measures for this species. However, this species distribution falls partially into a number of Marine Protected Areas in the Eastern Pacific region (WDPA 2006).
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