Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

A solitary species (Ref. 26340) inhabiting rocky areas. Synchronously hermaphroditic. Feed mainly on shrimps, less on crabs and bivalves (Ref. 47377).
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Distribution

Western Atlantic: Bermuda and South Carolina, USA through northeastern Gulf of Mexico and Yucatan, Mexico to southeastern Brazil (Ref. 47377).
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Western Atlantic.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 7
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Size

Maximum size: 200 mm TL
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Max. size

20.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217))
  • Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez 1992 Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales marinas y de aquas salobres de la costa septentrional de Sur América. FAO, Rome. 513 p. Preparado con el financiamento de la Comisión de Comunidades Europeas y de NORAD. (Ref. 5217)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=5217&speccode=7 External link.
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Diagnostic Description

Body pale brown with 3 vertical dark brown bars; a vertical silver bar just anterior to anus, chest silver; spinous dorsal fin dusky with a black blotch, soft dorsal fin dark brown; pectoral and anal fins dusky; pelvic fin dark brown; caudal fin dusky with upper and lower marginal yellow lines (Ref. 13608).
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 27 - 400 m (Ref. 47377), usually 27 - 180 m (Ref. 9710)
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Depth range based on 199 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 120 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 6 - 240
  Temperature range (°C): 17.229 - 26.467
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.519 - 10.594
  Salinity (PPS): 35.574 - 36.472
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.530 - 4.860
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.097 - 0.885
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.942 - 5.423

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 6 - 240

Temperature range (°C): 17.229 - 26.467

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.519 - 10.594

Salinity (PPS): 35.574 - 36.472

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.530 - 4.860

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.097 - 0.885

Silicate (umol/l): 0.942 - 5.423
 
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Depth: 27 - 180m.
From 27 to 180 meters.

Habitat: demersal. Inhabits rocky areas, usually from 27-180 m depth. Synchronously hermaphroditic.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Serranus phoebe

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 10
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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