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BiologyAdults inhabit the rocky intertidal zone of sheltered and exposed shores. Males occupy tightly fitting bore holes in the rocks. Females were never seen in such holes except when spawning (Ref. 11117). Oviparous. Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref. 94114). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114).