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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

This schooling species inhabits seagrass beds and hard-bottomed habitats from the reef flat to depths of 46 m or more on lagoon and seaward reefs. Often found with branching Acropora coral (Ref. 9710). Most common Neophion found in shallow areas (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on small fishes (Ref. 30573), small crabs, and shrimps at night. Venomous spine at the corner of its preopercle. Marketed fresh (Ref. 9948).
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Distribution

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Marquesan and Ducie islands, north to southern Japan and the Ogasawara and Hawaiian islands, northern Australia and Lord Howe Island. Throughout Micronesia
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Marquesan and Ducie islands, north to southern Japan, the Ogasawara and Hawaiian islands, south to northern Australia and Lord Howe Island.
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Red Sea, Indo-Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Line Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, Ogasawara Islands and Hawaiian Islands, south to Western Australia at 20°33'S, New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island, Ton
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11 - 13; Analspines: 4; Analsoft rays: 7 - 8
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Size

Maximum size: 320 mm ---
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Max. size

32.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710))
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Diagnostic Description

Description

This schooling species inhabits seagrass beds and hard-bottomed habitats from the reef flat to depths of 46 m or more on lagoon and seaward reefs. Feeds on small crabs and shrimps during the night. Venomous spine at the corner of its preopercle. Marketed fresh (Ref. 9948).
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Pinkish silvery above, silvery below; a dark red to black spot on each scale. Reddish stripe along LL (Ref. 4201). Outer margin of caudal lobes and anterior soft rays of dorsal and anal fins reddish; pectoral fins pale pink, pelvic fins white (Ref. 4201).
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Ecology

Habitat

nektonic
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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This schooling species inhabits seagrass beds and hard-bottomed habitats from the reef flat to depths of 46 m or more on lagoon and seaward reefs. Often found with branching Acropora coral.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 0 - 46 m (Ref. 9710)
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Depth range based on 166 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 138 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.305 - 41
  Temperature range (°C): 22.368 - 29.336
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.019 - 2.714
  Salinity (PPS): 32.200 - 36.148
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.427 - 5.079
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.085 - 0.507
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.819 - 4.752

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.305 - 41

Temperature range (°C): 22.368 - 29.336

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.019 - 2.714

Salinity (PPS): 32.200 - 36.148

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.427 - 5.079

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.085 - 0.507

Silicate (umol/l): 0.819 - 4.752
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 0 - 46m.
Recorded at 46 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Spotfin squirrelfish.  (Forsskal, 1775)  Attains 30 cm. Tropical Indo-Pacific from the Red Sea to Hawaii and the Pitcairn Group, Australia and Japan; south to Durban. In "Red Sea Reef Fishes" Randall uses synonym Flamneo sammara.
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Trophic Strategy

Less secretive than most other species of squirrelfish. During the day, it hovers in small groups in the vicinity of branching corals, rocks, or ledges to feed primarily on isopods; at night it feeds on benthic crustaceans. This schooling species inhabits seagrass beds and hard-bottomed habitats from the reef flat to depths of 46 m or more on lagoon and seaward reefs. Often found with branching Acropora coral (Ref. 9710). Most common Neophion found in shallow areas (Ref. 9710). Feeds on small fishes (Ref. 30573), small crabs, and shrimps at night. Also Ref. 58534.
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Diseases and Parasites

Hexangium Infestation. Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.)
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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Diet

Feeds on small fishes
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Neoniphon sammara

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 10
Specimens with Barcodes: 44
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data: Neoniphon sammara

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 10 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CACCCTTTATTTAGTATTCGGTGCGTGAGCTGGAATAGTTGGCACAGCCCTTAGCCTTCTTATTCGAGCTGAACTAAGCCAGCCCGGAGCCCTTCTGGGGGACGACCAGATTTATAATGTTATTGTTACAGCACACGCATTTGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATACCAATTATAATTGGAGGCTTCGGGAACTGACTAATCCCTCTAATAATTGGAGCTCCCGATATAGCATTCCCACGAATAAATAACATAAGCTTCTGACTACTTCCCCCTTCATTCCTCCTTCTACTAGCCTCCTCAGGAGTAGAAGCTGGTGCTGGGACAGGATGAACAGTATACCCGCCTCTTGCAGGAAACTTAGCACACGCAGGAGCCTCTGTAGATCTAACTATTTTCTCACTTCACTTAGCAGGTATTTCCTCAATTCTAGGAGCAATCAACTTTATTACAACTATTATTAACATAAAACCCCCTGCCATTTCTCAATATCAAACACCACTGTTTGTATGAGCTGTCCTAATTACAGCCGTCCTCCTTCTTCTTTCCCTCCCTGTCTTAGCAGCTGGCATCACTATGCTACTCACAGACCGAAATCTAAACACAACATTCTTTGATCCAGCAGGTGGTGGAGACCCTATTCTTTACCAACATTT
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Genomic DNA is available from 5 specimens with morphological vouchers housed at British Antarctic Survey
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial; bait: usually; price category: medium; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family
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