Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found in kelp beds, rarely in bays (Ref. 2850). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).
  • Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann 1983 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
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Distribution

Eastern Pacific: Bodega Bay in northern California, USA to southern Baja California, Mexico.
  • Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann 1983 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
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Eastern Pacific: California.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 500 mm TL
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Max. size

50.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850))
  • Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann 1983 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine; depth range ? - 15 m (Ref. 2850)
  • Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann 1983 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
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Depth range based on 2 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1 - 492
  Temperature range (°C): 6.140 - 6.140
  Nitrate (umol/L): 39.811 - 39.811
  Salinity (PPS): 34.301 - 34.301
  Oxygen (ml/l): 0.321 - 0.321
  Phosphate (umol/l): 3.216 - 3.216
  Silicate (umol/l): 81.249 - 81.249

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1 - 492
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 0 - 15m.
Recorded at 15 meters.

Habitat: demersal. Found in kelp beds. Rarely occurs in bays.
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Trophic Strategy

Feeds by sucking the food items into the mouth from a distance of 2.5 cm or more. This takes place so rapidly that it is nearly impossible for the human eye to follow the action (Ref. 4930).
  • Fitch, J.E. and R.J. Lavenberg 1975 Tidepool and nearshore fishes of California. California Natural History Guides:38. University of California Press, Berkelley and Los Angeles, California. 156 p. (Ref. 4930)
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Syngnathus californiensis

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 2 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CCTATATCTAGTATTTGGTGCATGAGCCGGAATGGTGGGTACTGCACTTAGCCTTCTCATCCGAGCAGAACTAAGTCAACCAGGAGCCCTTTTGGGTGACGACCAAATTTATAATGTAATCGTTACAGCCCATGCTTTTGTTATAATCTTCTTTATAGTTATACCAATTATAATTGGTGGTTTCGGTAATTGACTGATCCCTTTAATAATTGGAGCTCCAGATATAGCATTTCCCCGGATAAATAACATAAGTTTTTGACTTCTTCCACCATCTTTCCTTCTCCTTCTCGCCTCATCAGGAGTAGAAGCAGGGGCAGGAACAGGATGAACCGTATATCCCCCTCTTTCAGGGAATTTAGCACATCAAGGAGCCTCCGTAGATCTGACTATTTTCTCCCTACATTTAGCAGGCGTATCCTCAATTTTAGGGGCTATTAACTTCATCACTACTATTATTAACATAAAACCTCCCTCAATCTCTCAATACCAGACGCCCTTATTTGTTTGAGCCGTACTAATTACTGCTGTATTACTTCTTCTATCTTTACCCGTTTTAGCAGCCGGTATCACTATGCTTTTAACTGACCGAAATTTAAACACAACTTTTTTTGATCCAGCAGGAGGGGGAGATCCTATCCTTTATCAACACCTG
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Syngnathus californiensis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Wikipedia

Kelp pipefish

Kelp pipefish, Syngnathus californiensis, is a species of the pipefishes. Habits the Eastern Pacific from the Bodega Bay in northern California, USA, to southern Baja California, Mexico. Marine subtropical demersal fish, up to 50.0 cm length.

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