Comprehensive DescriptionRead full entry
BiologyFreshwater. Occurs in rivers, brooks, ponds, and lakes (Ref. 89241). Inhabits all types of rivers and streams, including brackish waters and enters floodplain meadows during high waters. Ammocoetes occur in detritus-rich sands or clay sediments (Ref. 59043). Parasitic; semelparous (Ref. 12218). Adults nonparasitic (Ref. 89241). Spawns in shallow water on sand-gravel bottom (Ref. 59043). Spawning period in Japan is from mid to late May. Fecundity, 495-2,942 eggs/female in Japan, with the long diameter of eggs varying from 0.98 to 1.37 mm and the short diameter from 0.86 to 1.25 mm (Ref. 89241).