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IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

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Description

  Common names: bonnethead (English), shark (English), tiburón (Espanol), cabeza (Espanol), cornuda (Espanol)
 
Sphyrna tiburo (Linnaeus, 1758)


Bonnethead,     Common bonnethead shark

A small hammerhead shark with a very narrow, rounded shovel-shaped head, without the prominent lateral-blade extensions of other hammerheads; width of head 18-25% (usually < 21%) of TL; front margin of head broadly convex and without indentations; length before mouth about 40% of head width; front teeth blade-like, with 1 short, stout point, lower teeth straight, upper teeth oblique, deeply notched on rear side;  enlarged keeled molariform teeth at back of jaws; first dorsal fin moderately large and erect, its rear margin concave; second dorsal fin base about half length of anal fin base; origin of second dorsal fin above middle of anal fin; anal fin rear edge shallowly concave; transverse pit above tail base crescent shaped, a pit below tail base; tail fin strongly asymmetrical, notched under tip of top lobe, large lower lobe.


Grey or grey brown on back and sides, whitish below; often small dark spots on back.


Maximum size about 150 cm, 10.8kg; size at birth 35-40 cm.

A common inshore hammerhead ranging into shallow estuaries.

From the intertidal zone to at least 80 m depth.

Western Atlantic and eastern Pacific (Southern California to Peru, Cocos and the Revillagigedos Islands.   

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© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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