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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found over ooze and sand bottoms (Ref. 4736). Bathypelagic (Ref. 58426). Feeds mostly on coelenterates, but also decapods, tunicates and fishes (Ref. 4736).
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Distribution

Greenland to Grand Banks
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Eastern Atlantic: Greenland and Iceland southward to 17°N. Western Atlantic: Greenland to Grand Banks and 29°52'N, 77°09'W.
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North Atlantic.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 1000 mm SL
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Max. size

100.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4460)); max. reported age: 38 years (Ref. 41452)
  • Allain, V. and P. Lorance 2000 Age estimation and growth of some deep-sea fish from the northeast Atlantic Ocean. Cybium 24(3) Suppl.:7-16. (Ref. 41452)
  • Markle, D.F. and Y.I. Sazanov 1990 Alepocephalidae. p. 246-264. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4460)
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Type Information

Type for Alepocephalus bairdii
Catalog Number: USNM 22468
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration
Collector(s): W. Thompson
Year Collected: 1879
Locality: Grand Banks, Newfoundland, Canada, Atlantic
Depth (m): 366 to 366
Vessel: Christian Johnson W.
  • Type:
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Ecology

Habitat

benthic
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Found over ooze and sand bottoms.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Environment

bathydemersal; marine; depth range 365 - 1700 m (Ref. 4460)
  • Markle, D.F. and Y.I. Sazanov 1990 Alepocephalidae. p. 246-264. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4460)
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Depth range based on 82 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 64 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 85 - 1900
  Temperature range (°C): 3.057 - 9.932
  Nitrate (umol/L): 7.554 - 26.592
  Salinity (PPS): 34.622 - 35.761
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.355 - 6.546
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.624 - 1.811
  Silicate (umol/l): 3.429 - 20.128

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 85 - 1900

Temperature range (°C): 3.057 - 9.932

Nitrate (umol/L): 7.554 - 26.592

Salinity (PPS): 34.622 - 35.761

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.355 - 6.546

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.624 - 1.811

Silicate (umol/l): 3.429 - 20.128
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 365 - 1700m.
From 365 to 1700 meters.

Habitat: bathydemersal. Inhabits over ooze and sand bottoms. Feeds mostly on coelenterates, but also decapods, tunicates and fishes.
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Trophic Strategy

Found over ooze and sand bottoms (Ref. 4736). Feeds mostly on coelenterates, but also decapods, tunicates and fishes (Ref. 4736). Smaller fish feed more on polychaetes,copepods and amphipods while larger fish predated medusae, mysids, decapods, squid and fish and feeds primarily on pelagic organisms (Ref. 51904).
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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Diet

Feeds mostly on coelenterates, but also decapods, tunicates and fishes
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Life Cycle

Annual fecundity indeterminate (Ref. 51440).
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Alepocephalus bairdii

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Alepocephalus bairdii

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; price category: unknown; price reliability:
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