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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Typically found on small and sparse seagrass or algae that grow adjacent to reefs at shallow to moderate depths. Usually found in pairs (Ref. 48635). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).
  • Dawson, C.E. 1986 Syngnathidae. p. 445-458. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4281)
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Distribution

Red Sea endemic.
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Indo-West Pacific: northern Red Sea and Mozambique to Torres Straits and Queensland, Australia.
  • Dawson, C.E. 1986 Syngnathidae. p. 445-458. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4281)
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Western Indian Ocean.
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Western Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16 - 17; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 4
  • Dawson, C.E. 1986 Syngnathidae. p. 445-458. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4281)
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Size

Maximum size: 63 mm TL
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Max. size

6.3 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4281))
  • Dawson, C.E. 1986 Syngnathidae. p. 445-458. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4281)
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Reaches at least 6.3 cm.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Brown in color, dermal flaps blackish. Caudal absent in sub adults and adults. Females are slender and pipefish-like, but larger males are more seahorse-like (Ref. 48635).
  • Dawson, C.E. 1986 Syngnathidae. p. 445-458. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4281)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 1 - 20 m (Ref. 48635)
  • Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka 2001 Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 1. Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. Zoonetics, Australia. 302 p.
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Trophic Strategy

Found in inshore waters (Ref. 75154).
  • Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, J.R. Paxton and G.R. Allen 2006 Fishes. In Beasley, O.L. and A. Wells (eds.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35.2 Australia: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing, 1472 p. (Ref. 75154)
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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