Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Adults occur in caves and other dimly lit biotopes. Active during daytime. They feed mainly on small sessile invertebrates and algae, to a lesser extent on harpacticoids (Ref. 5981). Oviparous. Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref. 94114). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114).
  • Hastings, P.A. and V.G. Springer 2009 Recognizing diversity in blennioid fish nomenclature (Teleostei: Blennioidei). Zootaxa 2120:3-14. (Ref. 82814)
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Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea (Golani et al. 2006).
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Mediterranean Sea.
  • Zander, C.D. 1986 Blenniidae. p. 1096-1112. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 5981)
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Mediterranean Sea endemic.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 43 mm ---
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Max. size

4.3 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 5981))
  • Zander, C.D. 1986 Blenniidae. p. 1096-1112. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 5981)
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This cryptic species occurs in rocky caves and crevices in shaded areas, and also in coralligenous habitats. It is a touristic attraction in some areas.

This fish is active during daytime. It mainly feeds on small sessile invertebrates and algae, and to a lesser extent on harpacticoids (Zander 1986). It is oviparous with distinct pairing and demersal, adhesive eggs (Breder and Rosen 1966).

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

demersal; marine; depth range ? - 6 m (Ref. 5981)
  • Zander, C.D. 1986 Blenniidae. p. 1096-1112. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 5981)
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Depth: 0 - 6m.
Recorded at 6 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
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Trophic Strategy

Occurs in caves and other dimly lit biotopes. Active during daytime. Feeds mainly on small sessile invertebrates and algae, to a lesser extent on harpacticoids (Ref. 5981).
  • Zander, C.D. 1986 Blenniidae. p. 1096-1112. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 5981)
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Di Natale, A., Bilecenoglu, M., Bariche, M. & Bizsel, C. and Massuti, E.

Reviewer/s
Livingstone, S. & Pollard, D. and Carpenter, K.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is widespread in the Mediterranean Sea. It lives in caves and crevices. There are no major threats, although pollution may locally affect this species. This species is listed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
There is no population information for this species. This species is restricted to a particular habitat, but is common within this habitat.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no known major threats for this species.
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Least Concern (LC)
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
No specific conservation measures are in place for this species. However, this species may be found in Marine Protected Areas within its distribution range.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

aquarium: commercial
  • Anonymous 2001 On reef fisheries exploitation and trade in Indonesia. p. 41-44. In Country Status Overview 2001on reef fisheries exploitation and trade in Indonesia. Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, Telepak Indo. Found. And International Marine Alliance (IMA) Indonesia. Indonesia. (Ref. 40944)
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Wikipedia

Black-headed blenny

The Black-headed blenny (Microlipophrys nigriceps) is a species of combtooth blenny found in the Mediterranean Sea. It can reach a maximum length of 4.3 centimetres (1.7 in) TL. This species is also found in the aquarium trade.[1]

References

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2013). "Microlipophrys nigriceps" in FishBase. February 2013 version.
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