Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

Name Relationship
Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnaeus, 1758 Preferred
Gasterosteus argyropomus Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829 Junior synonym
Gasterosteus biaculeatus Mitchill, 1815
Gasterosteus bispinosus Walbaum, 1792
Gasterosteus brachycentrus Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Gasterosteus cataphractus (Pallas, 1814)
Gasterosteus cuvieri Girard in Storer, 1850
Gasterosteus gymnurus Cuvier, 1829
Gasterosteus leiurus Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Gasterosteus niger Cuvier, 1829
Gasterosteus noveboracensis Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Gasterosteus obolarius Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Gasterosteus ponticus Nordmann, 1840
Gasterosteus semiarmatus Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Gasterosteus semiloricatus Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Gasterosteus spinulosus Yarrell, 1835
Gasterosteus teraculeatus Lacepède, 1801
Gasterosteus tetracanthus Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Gasterosteus trachurus Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Leiurus aculeatus (Linnaeus, 1758) Subsequent name/combination
Gasterosteus aculeatus aculeatus Linnaeus, 1758
Gasterosteus aculeatus williamsoni Girard, 1854
Gasterosteus islandicus Sauvage, 1874
Gasterosteus aculeatus microcephalus Girard, 1854
Gasterosteus aculeatus santaeannae Regan, 1909

NCBI Taxonomy

Name Relationship
Gasterosteus aculeatus Preferred
Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnaeus, 1758 Synonym

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