Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Oviparous (Ref. 205).
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Distribution

Range Description

Chiloglanis carnosus is known from the Lower Congo River basin and Pool Malebo.
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Africa: only known from the rapids of the Lower Congo River between Inga and Bulu, in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 42510, 78218).
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Congo River basin, central Africa.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 61 mm TL
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Max. size

6.1 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 3202))
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Type Information

Paratype for Chiloglanis carnosus Roberts & Stewart
Catalog Number: USNM 216372
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): T. Roberts & D. Stewart
Year Collected: 1973
Locality: Zaire River Mainstream Near Bulu, W of Luozi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
  • Paratype: Roberts, T. R. & Stewart, D. J. 1976. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. 147 (6): 282, fig. 5c, pl. 8b-d.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Chiloglanis carnosus is a benthopelagic species. It is oviparous and has a distinct pairing during breeding (Breder and Rosen 1966).

Systems
  • Freshwater
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Environment

benthopelagic; freshwater
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Oviparous (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
NT
Near Threatened

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Moelants, T.

Reviewer/s
Brummett, R., Mbe Tawe, A.N., Dening Touokong, C., Reid, G.M., Snoeks, J. Staissny, M., Moelants, T., Mamonekene, V., Ndodet, B., Ifuta, S.N.B., Chilala, A., Monsembula, R., Ibala Zamba, A., Opoye Itoua, O., Pouomogne, V., Darwall, W. & Smith, K.

Contributor/s

Justification
Chiloglanis carnosus is known from the Lower Congo River basin. The development of the Inga dam project with Inga 3 and Grand Inga, and the possibility of mining in the Luozi region, could pose future threats to the species.
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Population

Population
No information available.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
Urbanisation forms a problem in the region of Pool Malebo (Stanley Pool) through sewage cast and lead toxicity, mainly coming from car oil and a lot of boat traffic. Inga 1 and 2 are existing dams on the Lower Congo with a minimal impact. Inga 3, to be built in fove years, will divert a significant amount of flow. Grand Inga will block a great part of the mainstream with major impact. Given the restricted mainstream habitat and mainstream impacts such as pollution, it can be threatened in the future by mining in the Luozi region. The key component of concrete is found in this region, and there is potential to mining in the area.
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Near Threatened (NT)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
None known.
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Wikipedia

Chiloglanis carnosus

Chiloglanis carnosus is a species of upside-down catfish endemic to the Democratic Republic of the Congo where it occurs in rapids of the lower Congo River. This species grows to a length of 6.1 centimetres (2.4 in) TL.

References

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