IUCN threat status:

Vulnerable (VU)

Comprehensive Description

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  Common names: drum (English), verrugato (Espanol)
Umbrina galapagorum Steindachner, 1878

Galapagos drum

Body oblong, somewhat compressed, lower profile ~ horizontal; back smoothly arched; head low, broad, conical; snout < eye; mouth ~ horizontal, under projecting snout; chin with 1 short, thick rigid barbel with a pore at its tip, and 2 pairs of pores beside its base; teeth in bands on each jaw, outer row on top jaw larger; 16-20 gill rakers; preopercle finely serrated; dorsal fin with a deep notch, X + I, 26-30, spines slender, second dorsal long base; anal small, II, 6-7 rays, 2nd  spine thick, ¾ length of 1st  ray; pectoral short, not reaching tip of pelvic, 16-18 rays; tail edge straight to slightly concave the upper rays elongated; scales rough on head and body, smooth on fins; bases of soft dorsal and anal fins with scaly sheath; lateral line scales 50-53.

Silvery grey, yellowish below; faint oblique dark lines following scale rows ; fins pale to slightly dusky; inner lining of gill cover pale to very dark.

Size: to at least 45 cm.

Inhabits sandy bays.

Depth: 1-20 m.

The Galapagos Islands, rare at Cocos Is


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© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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