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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Feed on euphausiid shrimps and fishes. Edible but flesh is bland (Ref. 5217).
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Distribution

all major Oceans; holotype and some paratypes from off Georges Bank
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Circumglobal.
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Circumglobal, but not in eastern Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 40 - 48; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 13 - 16
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Size

Maximum size: 960 mm TL
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Max. size

96.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4059))
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Diagnostic Description

Iridescent brownish-black above, paler below; dorsal fin with horizontal row of white spots (Ref. 4059).
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Type Information

Holotype for Alepisaurus brevirostris
Catalog Number: USNM 186197
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1957
Locality: Western North Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic
Vessel: Delaware
  • Holotype:
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

nektonic
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Occasionally found in Canadian Atlantic waters.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Environment

bathypelagic; marine; depth range 640 - 1591 m (Ref. 57178)
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Depth range based on 99 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 88 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 4 - 3400
  Temperature range (°C): 2.767 - 17.363
  Nitrate (umol/L): 1.724 - 35.010
  Salinity (PPS): 34.066 - 34.950
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.906 - 6.465
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.285 - 2.379
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.847 - 74.548

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 4 - 3400

Temperature range (°C): 2.767 - 17.363

Nitrate (umol/L): 1.724 - 35.010

Salinity (PPS): 34.066 - 34.950

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.906 - 6.465

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.285 - 2.379

Silicate (umol/l): 1.847 - 74.548
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Trophic Strategy

Feeds on euphausiid shrimps and fishes.
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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Diet

Feeds on euphausiid shrimps and fishes
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Life Cycle

Oviparous (Ref. 36025).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Alepisaurus brevirostris

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.   Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.  Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

AGCCTCCTTATCCGAGCCGAGCTAAGCCAACTGGGGGCCATTCTGGGAGAT---GACCAAATCTATAACGNAATCGTAACCGCCCACGCCTTCCTAATAATCTTCTTCATAGTAATGCCCGTTATAATCGGCGGGTTCGGAAACTGACTAATCCCCCTAATG---ATCGGAGCCCCTGACATAGCCTTTCCGCGAATGAACAACATGAGCTTCTGACTCCTTCCTCCATCCTTCCTCCTTCTCCTCTCCTCTTCAGCTGTTGAAGCTGGAGCCGGGACAGGGTGAACAGTATACCCTCCTCTTGCTAGCAACTTAGCACACGCCGGAGCCTCAGTTGACCTA---ACCATCTTCTCCCTCCACCTGGCAGGTATTTCCTCTATCCTCGGGGCTATCAACTTTATCACAACAATCATTAATATGAAACCCCCAGCCATCACTCAGTACCAAACTCCCCTGTTTGTTTGAGCCGTTCTTATTACCGCAGTTCTTCTTCTACTCTCCCTCCCCGTCCTAGCAGCA---GGCATCACTATGCTCCTCACAGATCGAAACCTGAACACAACCTTCTTTGACCCAGCCGGCGGAGGGGATCCAATTCTTTATCAACACCTCTTCTGATTCTTTGGACACCCAGAAGTTTACATTTTAATTCTCCCCGGCTTCGGAATAATCTCCCACATTGTTGCCTACTACTCAGGCAAGAAA---GAACCCTTCGGTTACATGGGCATGGTCCGAGCATTGGTGGGGATCGGACTCCTAGGTTCAATTGTTTGA------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------NNN---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------NNN------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------NNN
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Alepisaurus brevirostris

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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