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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found near the coast and the surface (Ref. 11230). Occurs in estuaries (Ref. 7050). Probably important as forage fish. Nothing is known of the biology of this fish (Ref. 9760).
  • Ivantsoff, W. and L.E.L.M. Crowley 1999 Atherinidae. Silversides (or hardyheads). p. 2113-2139. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9760)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=9760&speccode=1303 External link.
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Distribution

Eastern Indian Ocean and Western Pacific: India east to Vanuatu, north to Korea and Japan.
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Indo-West Pacific: widely distributed throughout the southwest Pacific including Java, Borneo, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Viet Nam, Singapore, New Britain, Hermit Island Group, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Hong Kong and as far as Japan.
  • Ivantsoff, W. and L.E.L.M. Crowley 1999 Atherinidae. Silversides (or hardyheads). p. 2113-2139. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9760)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=9760&speccode=1303 External link.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 5 - 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8 - 10; Analspines: 1; Analsoft rays: 10 - 13
  • Ivantsoff, W. and L.E.L.M. Crowley 1999 Atherinidae. Silversides (or hardyheads). p. 2113-2139. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9760)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=9760&speccode=1303 External link.
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Size

Maximum size: 120 mm TL
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Max. size

12.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9760))
  • Ivantsoff, W. and L.E.L.M. Crowley 1999 Atherinidae. Silversides (or hardyheads). p. 2113-2139. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9760)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=9760&speccode=1303 External link.
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Diagnostic Description

Free edge of premaxilla densely covered with minute shagreen denticles. Coronoid process of dentary not rounded as in other Hypoatherina species (Ref. 9760). Body covered by large round scales, head is nude except opercle is covered by scales. Silver white colored body (Ref. 41252).
  • Ivantsoff, W. and L.E.L.M. Crowley 1999 Atherinidae. Silversides (or hardyheads). p. 2113-2139. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9760)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=9760&speccode=1303 External link.
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Type Information

Paratype for Atherina valenciennesi
Catalog Number: USNM 143716
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): P. Bleeker
Locality: D.E.I., Java, Batavia, Java, Indonesia, Pacific
  • Paratype:
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

pelagic-neritic; brackish; marine
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Trophic Strategy

Frequently a coastal fish in Southern Japanese and East China sea (Ref. 9137). Inhabits coral reefs (Ref. 58534).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Hypoatherina valenciennei

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 6 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CCTTTATCTAGTATTTGGTGCTTGAGCCGGAATAGTAGGCACCGCCCTAAGCCTTCTCATTCGGGCAGAACTAAACCAACCAGGCTCTCTCCTTGGAGACGACCAGATCTATAATGTTATCGTAACAGCACACGCCTTTGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATACCAATTATGATTGGAGGCTTCGGAAACTGACTGATCCCCCTTATGATGGGGGCCCCTGACATGGCATTCCCTCGAATGAATAATATGAGCTTCTGACTTCTGCCCCCCTCATTCCTTCTTCTTCTGGCCTCCTCTGGTGTTGAAGCCGGGGCTGGAACAGGTTGAACAGTTTATCCTCCCCTAGCCGGCAACCTGGCCCACGCCGGAGCGTCTGTAGACCTAACTATTTTCTCTCTTCATTTAGCAGGTGTTTCATCAATCCTCGGAGCCATTAATTTTATTACAACAATTATTAATATGAAACCTCCTGCCATCTCACAATATCAAACACCCCTATTCGTCTGAGCAGTCCTAATTACTGCCGTACTTCTTCTACTTTCTCTTCCAGTTCTAGCTGCCGGCATTACTATGCTACTAACAGACCGAAACCTAAATACCACCTTCTTTGACCCTGCCGGAGGGGGAGATCCCATTCTTTACCAGCATCTC
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Hypoatherina valenciennei

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 7
Specimens with Barcodes: 7
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; price category: medium; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family
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