Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Adults occur over muddy bottom. Females carry the eggs in their pelvic fins that are modified to form a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
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Distribution

Western Pacific: Arafura Sea, Indonesia and southeast of Kyushu Islands, Japan.
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Western Pacific east to Fiji.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 5; Dorsal soft rays (total): 20 - 22; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 20 - 22; Vertebrae: 32 - 33
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Size

Maximum size: 57 mm SL
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Max. size

5.7 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9829))
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Diagnostic Description

Total number of body plates is 33-35. Color and color patterns highly variable: most specimens in dark-color phase with dark red background overlaid with reticulated yellow to orange blotches; some in light-color phase of yellow to beige with few spots of darker pigment on body. Two large black spots present between first and third dorsal-fin spines (Ref. 9829). Long caudal peduncle and elongated caudal fin (Ref. 48635).
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 0 - 95 m (Ref. 9829)
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Depth range based on 2 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 4 - 200

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 4 - 200
 
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Depth: 0 - 95m.
Recorded at 95 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Occurs over muddy bottom.
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Trophic Strategy

Found in inshore waters (Ref. 75154).
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Pelvic fins of females are modified as brood pouch for the reception of the eggs (Ref. 205).
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
  • Anonymous 2001 On reef fisheries exploitation and trade in Indonesia. p. 41-44. In Country Status Overview 2001on reef fisheries exploitation and trade in Indonesia. Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, Telepak Indo. Found. And International Marine Alliance (IMA) Indonesia. Indonesia. (Ref. 40944)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=40944&speccode=187 External link.
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Wikipedia

Long-tailed ghost pipefish

The long-tailed ghost pipefish or armored ghost pipefish(Solenostomus armatus) is a ghost pipefish in the family Solenostomidae.[1] The species name comes from the greek armatura, referring to this fish's armor of dermal plates.[2] Solenostomus leptosoma is now considered a synonym of S. armatus, the valid species identification.[3]

Physical appearance[edit]

S. armatus reaches a maximum length of 5.7 cm (standard length) and vary in color from dark red to beige. Compared to other ghost pipefishes, they possess an elongated caudal tail and peduncle, as indicated by their common name.[1]

Biology[edit]

The long-tailed ghost pipefish is a tropical marine species, found over muddy bottoms near reefs in the western Pacific Ocean. Like all ghost pipefish, females carry the eggs in pelvic fins that become modified to form a brood pouch.[1]

Conservation status[edit]

The IUCN conservation status of S. armatus has not been assessed.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Solenostomus armatus". Fishbase. Retrieved 5 Sep 2012. 
  2. ^ Orr and Fritzsche. 1993. Revision of the Ghost Pipefishes, Family Solenostomidae (Teleostei: Syngnathoidei). Copeia 1993:168-182.
  3. ^ "Search for Solenostomus armatus". Catalog of Fishes. Retrieved 5 Sep 2012. 
  4. ^ IUCN Redlist. Accessed: 5 Sept 2012

Further reading[edit]

  • Kuiter, RH. 2000. Seahorses, pipefishes, and their relatives: a comprehensive guide to Syngnathiformes. TMC Publishing. 240p.
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