Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Adults occur over muddy bottom. Females carry the eggs in their pelvic fins that are modified to form a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
  • Orr, J.W. and R.A. Fritzsche 1993 Revision of the ghost pipefishes, family Solenostomidae (Teleostei: Syngnathoidei). Copeia 1993(1):168-182. (Ref. 9829)
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Distribution

Western Pacific: Southeast of Kyushu Islands, Japan to Arafura Sea, Indonesia and Australia; east tio Fiji. Also known from China.
  • Orr, J.W. and R.A. Fritzsche 1993 Revision of the ghost pipefishes, family Solenostomidae (Teleostei: Syngnathoidei). Copeia 1993(1):168-182. (Ref. 9829)
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Western Pacific east to Fiji.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 5; Dorsal soft rays (total): 20 - 22; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 20 - 22; Vertebrae: 32 - 33
  • Orr, J.W. and R.A. Fritzsche 1993 Revision of the ghost pipefishes, family Solenostomidae (Teleostei: Syngnathoidei). Copeia 1993(1):168-182. (Ref. 9829)
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Size

Maximum size: 57 mm SL
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Max. size

5.7 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9829))
  • Orr, J.W. and R.A. Fritzsche 1993 Revision of the ghost pipefishes, family Solenostomidae (Teleostei: Syngnathoidei). Copeia 1993(1):168-182. (Ref. 9829)
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Diagnostic Description

Total number of body plates is 33-35. Color and color patterns highly variable: most specimens in dark-color phase with dark red background overlaid with reticulated yellow to orange blotches; some in light-color phase of yellow to beige with few spots of darker pigment on body. Two large black spots present between first and third dorsal-fin spines (Ref. 9829). Long caudal peduncle and elongated caudal fin (Ref. 48635).Description: Characterized by depth of body 15.7-19.0 % SL; least snout depth 3.9-4.3 % SL; depth of caudal peduncle 2.9-3.7 % SL; length of caudal peduncle13.8-17.6 % SL; length of caudal fin 46-52 % SL (Ref 90102).
  • Orr, J.W. and R.A. Fritzsche 1993 Revision of the ghost pipefishes, family Solenostomidae (Teleostei: Syngnathoidei). Copeia 1993(1):168-182. (Ref. 9829)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 0 - 95 m (Ref. 9829)
  • Orr, J.W. and R.A. Fritzsche 1993 Revision of the ghost pipefishes, family Solenostomidae (Teleostei: Syngnathoidei). Copeia 1993(1):168-182. (Ref. 9829)
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Depth range based on 2 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 4 - 200

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 4 - 200
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 0 - 95m.
Recorded at 95 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Occurs over muddy bottom.
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Trophic Strategy

Found in inshore waters (Ref. 75154).
  • Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, J.R. Paxton and G.R. Allen 2006 Fishes. In Beasley, O.L. and A. Wells (eds.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35.2 Australia: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing, 1472 p. (Ref. 75154)
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Pelvic fins of females are modified as brood pouch for the reception of the eggs (Ref. 205).
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
  • Anonymous 2001 On reef fisheries exploitation and trade in Indonesia. p. 41-44. In Country Status Overview 2001on reef fisheries exploitation and trade in Indonesia. Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, Telepak Indo. Found. And International Marine Alliance (IMA) Indonesia. Indonesia. (Ref. 40944)
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Wikipedia

Long-tailed ghost pipefish

The long-tailed ghost pipefish or armored ghost pipefish(Solenostomus armatus) is a ghost pipefish in the family Solenostomidae.[1] The species name comes from the greek armatura, referring to this fish's armor of dermal plates.[2] Solenostomus leptosoma is now considered a synonym of S. armatus, the valid species identification.[3]

Physical appearance[edit]

S. armatus reaches a maximum length of 5.7 cm (standard length) and vary in color from dark red to beige. Compared to other ghost pipefishes, they possess an elongated caudal tail and peduncle, as indicated by their common name.[1]

Biology[edit]

The long-tailed ghost pipefish is a tropical marine species, found over muddy bottoms near reefs in the western Pacific Ocean. Like all ghost pipefish, females carry the eggs in pelvic fins that become modified to form a brood pouch.[1]

Conservation status[edit]

The IUCN conservation status of S. armatus has not been assessed.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Solenostomus armatus". Fishbase. Retrieved 5 Sep 2012. 
  2. ^ Orr and Fritzsche. 1993. Revision of the Ghost Pipefishes, Family Solenostomidae (Teleostei: Syngnathoidei). Copeia 1993:168-182.
  3. ^ "Search for Solenostomus armatus". Catalog of Fishes. Retrieved 5 Sep 2012. 
  4. ^ IUCN Redlist. Accessed: 5 Sept 2012

Further reading[edit]

  • Kuiter, RH. 2000. Seahorses, pipefishes, and their relatives: a comprehensive guide to Syngnathiformes. TMC Publishing. 240p.
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