Comprehensive DescriptionRead full entry
| Common names: searobin (English), cabrilla (Espanol), vaca (Espanol), rubio (Espanol) |
Bellator gymnostethus (Gilbert, 1892)
A large, squarish, bony head that has many ridges and spines; rostral plates prolonged, forming divergent lobes on each side of snout tip; preopercular crest with 2 rear spines; a spine above front of eye; narrow between eyes; mouth opens at front or slightly under snout; teeth on jaws and roof of mouth simple; two separate dorsal fins, XI + 11 first spine short, second spine the longest; anal rays 11; pectoral fins short, 23-34 percent of SL, reaching origin of anal fin, 12 rays, with 2-3 enlarged, free rays at bottom of fin that are detached from main fin; body with rough scales; rear flap of operculum without scales; nape not scaled; breast and belly entirely scaleless; pored lateral- line scales 48-52.
Mottled brown or reddish with faint brown bars on sides; 1-2 dark spots at middle of first dorsal fin; tail orange, with dark blotch on lower half.
Size: reaches at least 15 cm.
Inhabits sand-rubble bottoms near reefs.
Depth: 30-200 m.
Southern Baja California and the central western and southeastern Gulf of California to Peru.