Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Occurs in estuaries and along open coasts (Ref. 30573). Juveniles form dense aggregations. Feeds on crustaceans, mollusks, and fishes (Ref. 30573). Dorsal and pelvic fins are venomous (Ref. 30573).
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Distribution

Western Indian Ocean: ranging from the Madras and Malabar coasts of India to the east coast of Africa. Reaches as far south as Knysna, South Africa (Ref. 3670).
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Arabian Sea and western Indian Ocean.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 410 mm SL
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Max. size

41.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 3879))
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Occurs in estuaries and along open coasts. Juveniles form dense aggregations.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; amphidromous (Ref. 51243); freshwater; brackish; marine
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1.1 - 1.1
 
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Migration

Amphidromous. Refers to fishes that regularly migrate between freshwater and the sea (in both directions), but not for the purpose of breeding, as in anadromous and catadromous species. Sub-division of diadromous. Migrations should be cyclical and predictable and cover more than 100 km.Characteristic elements in amphidromy are: reproduction in fresh water, passage to sea by newly hatched larvae, a period of feeding and growing at sea usually a few months long, return to fresh water of well-grown juveniles, a further period of feeding and growing in fresh water, followed by reproduction there (Ref. 82692).
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Trophic Strategy

Occurs in estuaries and along open coasts. Juveniles form dense aggregations. Feeds on crustaceans, mollusks, and fishes.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Plotosus limbatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; price category: low; price reliability: questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this genus
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Disclaimer

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