IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

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  Common names: drum (English), croaker (English), verrugato (Espanol), polla (Espanol), berrugata (Espanol)
Umbrina xanti Gill, 1862

Surf croaker,     Polla drum, Golden drum

Body oblong, somewhat compressed, lower profile ~ horizontal; back strongly arched; head low, broad, conical; snout > eye; mouth ~ horizontal, under projecting snout; chin with 1 short, thick rigid barbel with a pore at its tip, and 2 pairs of pores beside its base; teeth in bands on each jaw, outer row on top jaw larger; 16-21 gill rakers; preopercle finely serrated; dorsal fin with a deep notch, X + I, 26-30, spines slender, second dorsal long base; anal small, II, 6-7 rays, 2nd  spine slender, ¾ length of 1st  ray; pectoral short, not reaching tip of pelvic, 16-19 rays; tail edge straight to slightly concave; scales rough on head and body, smooth on fins; bases of soft dorsal and anal fins with scaly sheath; lateral line scales 45-51.

Silvery, greenish brown on upper back; dark lines following scale rows on back and sides; dorsal and caudal fins dusky, pectorals, pelvics and anal fin yellow; inner lining of gill cover intensely black; lining of gut cavity not black, at least ventrally.

Size: grows to about 46.5 cm.

Inhabits coastal waters.

Depth: 1-35 m.

Southern Baja and the Gulf of California to Chile, and Cocos.   


Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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