Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Occurs on rocky substrate deeper than 53 m; in a small group of one dominant male and several females. The harems were on a protected slope with less current but were not on steep cliff, never swimming high above the substrate. Each harem occupies an area about 20-25 m2, no fighting between males on the boundary of 2 harems. Occasionally 2 or 3 males share boundaries. While females swim close to the substrate, the males are more active and swim higher up in the water column. Feeds on plankton about 1 m above the substrate.
  • Ida, H. and J. Sakaue 2001 Pseudanthias calloura (Teleostei: Perciformes), a new serranid fish from Palau, Central Pacific. Ichthyol. Res. 48(3):263-268. (Ref. 40965)
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Distribution

Western Pacific.
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Western Central Pacific: Palau.
  • Ida, H. and J. Sakaue 2001 Pseudanthias calloura (Teleostei: Perciformes), a new serranid fish from Palau, Central Pacific. Ichthyol. Res. 48(3):263-268. (Ref. 40965)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 7; Vertebrae: 26
  • Ida, H. and J. Sakaue 2001 Pseudanthias calloura (Teleostei: Perciformes), a new serranid fish from Palau, Central Pacific. Ichthyol. Res. 48(3):263-268. (Ref. 40965)
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Size

Max. size

10.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 40965)); 9.46 cm TL (female)
  • Ida, H. and J. Sakaue 2001 Pseudanthias calloura (Teleostei: Perciformes), a new serranid fish from Palau, Central Pacific. Ichthyol. Res. 48(3):263-268. (Ref. 40965)
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Diagnostic Description

Body with 4 oblique, broad, cross-bands and tail with horizontal bands. Posterior edge of orbit with fleshy papillae. Anterior dorsal spines shorter than the posteriors with 6th or 8th spine longest in head length. Auxillary scales on body absent; a row of minute scales just behind each dorsal spine (Ref. 40965).
  • Ida, H. and J. Sakaue 2001 Pseudanthias calloura (Teleostei: Perciformes), a new serranid fish from Palau, Central Pacific. Ichthyol. Res. 48(3):263-268. (Ref. 40965)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 53 - 56 m (Ref. 40965)
  • Ida, H. and J. Sakaue 2001 Pseudanthias calloura (Teleostei: Perciformes), a new serranid fish from Palau, Central Pacific. Ichthyol. Res. 48(3):263-268. (Ref. 40965)
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Trophic Strategy

Occurs on rocky substrate deeper than 53 m; in a small group of one dominant male and several females. The harems were on a protected slope with less current but were not on steep cliff, never swimming high above the substrate. Each harem occupies an area about 20-25 m2, no fighting between males on the boundary of 2 harems. Occasionally 2 or 3 males share boundaries. While females swim close to the substrate, the males are more active and swim higher up in the water column. Feeds on plankton about 1 m above the substrate.
  • Ida, H. and J. Sakaue 2001 Pseudanthias calloura (Teleostei: Perciformes), a new serranid fish from Palau, Central Pacific. Ichthyol. Res. 48(3):263-268. (Ref. 40965)
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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