Overview

Comprehensive Description

Sardinella maderensis (Lowe, 1838)

Mediterranean Sea : 4100-761 (3 spc.), February 2004 , Iskenderun Bay , trawl , C. Dalyan . Istanbul Fish Market : 4100-560 (1 spc.), 11.04.1989 .

  • Nurettin Meriç, Lütfiye Eryilmaz, Müfit Özulug (2007): A catalogue of the fishes held in the Istanbul University, Science Faculty, Hydrobiology Museum. Zootaxa 1472, 29-54: 34-34, URL:http://www.zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:428F3980-C1B8-45FF-812E-0F4847AF6786
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Biology

Forms schools in coastal waters, preferring waters of 24°C. Feeds on a variety of small planktonic invertebrates, fish larvae and phytoplankton. Breeds during the warm season (July-September). Juveniles and adults show clear north-south migrations in the Gabon-Congo-Angola sector of their range and also in the Sierra Leone-Mauritania sector, each area having nurseries. The movements are correlated with the seasonal upwelling. Marketed fresh, frozen or salted.
  • Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=188&speccode=24 External link.
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Distribution

Eastern Atlantic: Gibraltar to Angola; single specimen recorded from Walvis Bay, Namibia. Also known from the Mediterranean (southern and eastern parts, also penetrating Suez Canal).
  • Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=188&speccode=24 External link.
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Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: Gibraltar to Angola including Madeira and Canary Islands; northern Red Sea immigrant.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13 - 21; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 12 - 23
  • Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=188&speccode=24 External link.
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Size

Maximum size: 373 mm FL
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Max. size

37.3 cm FL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 3808)); max. published weight: 927 g (Ref. 3808)
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Diagnostic Description

Body variable in depth, belly fairly keeled; total scutes 31 to 34 (14-19 pre-pelvic, 12-14 post). Lower gill rakers 70 to 166 (in fishes 6 cm standard length or more). Upper pectoral fin rays white on the outer side, the membrane between black. Caudal fin grey, its tips almost black. Faint gold or black area just behind gill opening.
  • Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=188&speccode=24 External link.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); brackish; marine; depth range 0 - 80 m (Ref. 27000)
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 8 - 8
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 0 - 80m.
Recorded at 80 meters.

Habitat: pelagic.
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Migration

Oceanodromous. Migrating within oceans typically between spawning and different feeding areas, as tunas do. Migrations should be cyclical and predictable and cover more than 100 km.
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Trophic Strategy

Tolerant of low salinities in estuaries. Juveniles and adults show clear north-south migrations in the Gabon-Angola sector of their range and also in the Mauritania-Sierra Leone sector, each having nurseries; the movements are correlated with the seasonal upwelling. Migrations in the central part (Côte d'Ivoire-Ghana) are not so marked.
  • Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=188&speccode=24 External link.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Sardinella maderensis

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 3 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

ACACGTTGATTTTTCTCAACCAATCATAAAGATATTGGCACCCTATATCTAGTATTCGGTGCTTGAGCAGGAATAGTAGGAACTGCCCTA---AGTCTCCTTATCCGAGCGGAGCTGAGCCAACCCGGGGCACTCCTTGGAGAC---GATCAAATCTACAACGTTATCGTTACGGCGCATGCCTTCGTAATGATTTTCTTCATAGTAATGCCAATCCTAATCGGAGGATTCGGAAACTGACTTGTCCCCCTAATG---ATCGGGGCACCGGACATGGCATTCCCACGAATGAATAACATGAGCTTCTGACTTCTTCCTCCCTCTTTCCTGCTTCTCCTAGCCTCTTCGGGCGTAGAAGCCGGGGCTGGGACGGGATGAACAGTGTACCCCCCTTTAGCCGGTAATCTGGCCCACGCCGGAGCATCCGTCGATCTC---ACTATTTTCTCCCTCCACCTAGCAGGTATTTCATCAATTCTTGGGGCAATTAATTTTATTACCACAATTATTAATATGAAACCCCCCGCAATCTCCCAGTACCAAACACCTCTATTTGTCTGAGCTGTTCTTGTAACTGCCGTACTACTCCTTCTCTCCCTCCCAGTCCTAGCCGCC---GGGATTACTATGCTACTTACAGACCGAAATCTAAACACAACCTTCTTTGACCCCGCAGGGGGAGGAGACCCCATTCTATACCAGCATCTATTCTGATTCTTCGGACACCCAGAAGTATATATTCTTATTCTTCCCGGATTCGGAATGATCTCCCACATTGTCGCCTACTACGCCGGAAAAAAA---GAACCTTTCGGCTACATAGGAATGGTCTGAGCAATGATGGCCATTGGCCTTCTAGGATTTATCGTCTGAGCACATCACATGTTCACAGTCGGTATGGACGTAGACACACGGGCCTACTTTACATCGGCAACAATGATTATTGCTATTCCAACCGGAGTAAAAGTATTCAGCTGACTT---GCCACTCTGCACGGGGGC---TCAATTAAATGAGAAACCCCCCTTCTCTGAGCCCTTGGGTTTATTTTCTTATTCACAGTAGGTGGACTAACAGGAATCGTGCTGTCAAATTCTTCCCTAGATATTGTTCTTCACGACACCTATTATGTAGTAGCACACTTCCACTACGTA---CTATCTATGGGTGCTGTATTCGCTATTATGGCTGCATTTGTACACTGATTCCCGCTATTCTCAGGATACACCCTACACAGCACTTGAACAAAAATCCACTTCGGGGTAATGTTTATTGGGGTAAACCTAACCTTCTTCCCACAACACTTCCTTGGTCTGGCAGGAATGCCTCGA---CGATACTCTGACTACCCAGACGCCTATACT---CTCTGAAACACAGTGTCCTCAATCGGGTCACTAATCTCTCTTGTAGCTGTAATTATGTTCTTATTCATTCTTTGAGAAGCATTCGCCGCTAAACGAGAAGTT---TCGTCAGTAGAGCTAACCATGACAAAC
-- end --

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Sardinella maderensis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: highly commercial; bait: usually; price category: medium; price reliability: reliable: based on ex-vessel price for this species
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Wikipedia

Madeiran Sardinella

Madeiran Sardinella (Sardinella maderensis) is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Sardinella which is found in the Eastern Atlantic and Southeastern Mediterranean.[1]

Diagnostic Features

S. madarensis is a distinctly elongate Sardinella while also having a variably protruding belly. These fish have a median number of gill rakers and their upper pectoral fin rays are white on the outer side with a black membrane in between. They are very hard to distinguish from Sardinella aurita except that these fish have only 7 rays on their pelvic fins and no black spot on the hind part of their gill cover. They also have a gray caudal fin (see Fish anatomy) with black tips.[1]

Recent History

S. madarensis catches have decreased from 1.8 tonnes per trip in 2003 down to 1.5 tonnes in the following two years. The major fishing grounds for these fish are off the coasts of Senegal and Morocco. Over the course of the last ten years the average size of these fish has decreased down from 35 cm to 32 cm. Experts say that these changes are in large part due to very active Dutch commercial fishing in the region.[2] The

Habitats

These Sardinella can handle very low salinities when they travel into estuaries and lagoons and spend most of their lives near the surface of the water. They feed on phytoplankton and fish larvae. These are some of the larger fish in the genus and grow to as much as 35 cm.[1]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Whitehead, prepared by Peter J.P.; Nelson, ... Gareth J., ..., , , Thosaporn Wongranata, (1988). Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). Rome: United Nations Development Programme. p. 106. ISBN 92-5-102667-X. 
  2. ^ FAO Corporate Document Repository. "Report of the FAO Working Group on the Assessment of Small Pelagic Fish off Northwest Africa." Fisheries and Agriculture Department. 2006.


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