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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Mainly inhabits coral and rocky reefs (Ref. 30573). Sometimes forms small aggregations around rocky outcrops and coral heads during daylight hours. Feeds on fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 30573).
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Distribution

Indian Ocean: Red Sea and East Africa to Sumatra. Occasionally found in Indonesia as far east as Ambon.
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Red Sea, Indian Ocean: East Africa, Gulf of Oman, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Sumatra (Indonesia).
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 11 - 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12 - 14; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 8
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Size

Maximum size: 300 mm TL
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Max. size

30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 55))
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Mainly inhabits coral reefs. Sometimes forms small aggregations around rocky outcrops and coral heads during daylight hours. Feeds mainly on fishes and crustaceans.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Snout somewhat pointed; preorbital bone relatively narrow, its width usually less than eye diameter. Preopercular notch and knob well developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Color is generally bright yellow on the upper half of the body and white ventrally; upper sides with four blue stripes, the uppermost extending from the upper edge of the opercle to the base of the last dorsal rays, and the lowermost from the rear edge of the eye to the middle of the caudal peduncle. The medial fins are yellow; the pectoral and pelvic fins whitish.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 10 - 30 m (Ref. 9710)
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Depth range based on 6 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 3 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 5.5 - 58
  Temperature range (°C): 25.775 - 26.151
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.830 - 3.114
  Salinity (PPS): 35.062 - 36.032
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.462 - 4.680
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.240 - 0.546
  Silicate (umol/l): 3.653 - 4.277

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 5.5 - 58

Temperature range (°C): 25.775 - 26.151

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.830 - 3.114

Salinity (PPS): 35.062 - 36.032

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.462 - 4.680

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.240 - 0.546

Silicate (umol/l): 3.653 - 4.277
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 10 - 30m.
From 10 to 30 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Collected by Phil Heemstra August 2000 at Sodwana. New record for South Africa.
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Trophic Strategy

Sometimes form small aggregations around rocky outcrops and coral heads during daylight hours (Ref. 55).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Lutjanus bengalensis

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 10 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

ACACGTTGATTTTTCTCGACCAATCACAAAGACATCGGCACCCTTTATCTAGTATTTGGTGCTTGAGCCGGAATAGTCGGCACGGCCCTA---AGCCTGCTCATCCGAGCAGAACTAAGCCAACCAGGAGCCCTTCTTGGGGAC---GACCAGATTTATAATGTAATTGTTACAGCACATGCATTTGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATGCCAATTATGATTGGAGGGTTCGGAAACTGACTAATCCCCTTAATG---ATCGGGGCCCCTGATATGGCATTCCCCCGAATAAACAACATGAGCTTTTGACTCCTTCCTCCATCATTTCTTCTACTCCTGGCCTCCTCAGGAGTAGAAGCAGGTGCTGGCACTGGATGGACAGTCTATCCTCCTCTAGCAGGAAACCTCGCGCACGCAGGAGCATCAGTTGATTTA---ACTATTTTTTCCCTACACCTGGCAGGTGTCTCTTCAATTCTAGGGGCCATTAACTTCATCACCACAATTATCAACATGAAACCCCCAGCTATTTCCCAATATCAAACACCACTATTCGTCTGAGCCGTTCTAATTACCGCTGTACTTCTTCTTCTCTCCCTTCCAGTCCTAGCTGCC---GGAATTACAATGCTTCTTACAGATCGAAATCTAAACACCACCTTCTTCGACCCTGCAGGGGGAGGAGATCCCATCCTCTACCAACACCTATTCTGATTCTTTGGCCACCCAGAAGTATATATTTTAATTCTGCCCGGATTTGGGATGATTTCCCATATTGTTGCCTACTACTCTGGTAAAAAA---GAACCATTCGGCTATATGGGCATGGTTTGGGCTATAATAGCAATTGGCCTTCTAGGATTTATCGTATGAGCCCACCACATGTTTACAGTGGGCATGGACGTAGACACACGAGCTTACTTCACATCCGCAACTATGATTATTGCCATCCCCACTGGAGTAAAAGTCTTCAGCTGACTT---GCAACCCTTCACGGAGGC---TCAATTAAATGAGAAACACCCCTACTATGAGCCCTTGGGTTCATTTTCCTCTTTACTGTAGGGGGCCTAACAGGAATTGTCCTAGCCAACTCCTCACTAGACATTGTTCTTCATGACACTTACTACGTAGTAGCCCACTTCCACTATGTT---CTGTCAATGGGAGCTGTATTTGCAATTGTTGCCGCCTTCGTTCACTGATTCCCCCTATTTTCAGGCTATACCCTTCATAGCACTTGAACAAAAATCCACTTCGGAGTGATGTTCGTTGGGGTTAACCTAACATTCTTCCCTCAGCATTTCCTAGGCCTAGCCGGAATGCCTCGA---CGATACTCAGACTACCCAGACGCCTACACT---CTTTGAAATACAGTGTCATCTATCGGCTCCCTAATCTCCCTTGTAGCCGTAATCATGTTCCTGTTTATCATTTGAGAAGCATTTGCTGCTAAACGTGAAGTC---ATGTCAGTTGAGCTGACAATGACTAAT
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Lutjanus bengalensis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 10
Specimens with Barcodes: 27
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial
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