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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Adults mainly inhabit coral and rocky reefs (Ref. 30573). They sometimes form small aggregations around rocky outcrops and coral heads during daylight hours. Feed on fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 30573).
  • Allen, G.R. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
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Distribution

Indian Ocean: Red Sea and East Africa to Sumatra. Occasionally found in Indonesia as far east as Ambon.
  • Allen, G.R. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
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Red Sea, Indian Ocean: East Africa, Gulf of Oman, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Sumatra (Indonesia).
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 11 - 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12 - 14; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 8
  • Allen, G.R. and J.H. Talbot 1985 Review of the snappers of the genus Lutjanus (Pisces Lutjanidae) from the Indo-Pacific with the description of a new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (11):87. (Ref. 469)
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Size

Maximum size: 300 mm TL
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Max. size

30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 55))
  • Allen, G.R. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
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Diagnostic Description

Snout somewhat pointed; preorbital bone relatively narrow, its width usually less than eye diameter. Preopercular notch and knob well developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Color is generally bright yellow on the upper half of the body and white ventrally; upper sides with four blue stripes, the uppermost extending from the upper edge of the opercle to the base of the last dorsal rays, and the lowermost from the rear edge of the eye to the middle of the caudal peduncle. The medial fins are yellow; the pectoral and pelvic fins whitish (Ref. 469). Body depth max 2.5-2.9 in SL (Ref. 90102).
  • Allen, G.R. and J.H. Talbot 1985 Review of the snappers of the genus Lutjanus (Pisces Lutjanidae) from the Indo-Pacific with the description of a new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (11):87. (Ref. 469)
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Description

Mainly inhabits coral reefs. Sometimes forms small aggregations around rocky outcrops and coral heads during daylight hours. Feeds mainly on fishes and crustaceans.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 10 - 30 m (Ref. 9710)
  • Lieske, E. and R. Myers 1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. (Ref. 9710)
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Depth range based on 6 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 3 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 5.5 - 58
  Temperature range (°C): 25.775 - 26.151
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.830 - 3.114
  Salinity (PPS): 35.062 - 36.032
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.462 - 4.680
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.240 - 0.546
  Silicate (umol/l): 3.653 - 4.277

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 5.5 - 58

Temperature range (°C): 25.775 - 26.151

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.830 - 3.114

Salinity (PPS): 35.062 - 36.032

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.462 - 4.680

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.240 - 0.546

Silicate (umol/l): 3.653 - 4.277
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 10 - 30m.
From 10 to 30 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Collected by Phil Heemstra August 2000 at Sodwana. New record for South Africa.
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Trophic Strategy

Sometimes form small aggregations around rocky outcrops and coral heads during daylight hours (Ref. 55).
  • Allen, G.R. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Lutjanus bengalensis

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 10 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

ACACGTTGATTTTTCTCGACCAATCACAAAGACATCGGCACCCTTTATCTAGTATTTGGTGCTTGAGCCGGAATAGTCGGCACGGCCCTA---AGCCTGCTCATCCGAGCAGAACTAAGCCAACCAGGAGCCCTTCTTGGGGAC---GACCAGATTTATAATGTAATTGTTACAGCACATGCATTTGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATGCCAATTATGATTGGAGGGTTCGGAAACTGACTAATCCCCTTAATG---ATCGGGGCCCCTGATATGGCATTCCCCCGAATAAACAACATGAGCTTTTGACTCCTTCCTCCATCATTTCTTCTACTCCTGGCCTCCTCAGGAGTAGAAGCAGGTGCTGGCACTGGATGGACAGTCTATCCTCCTCTAGCAGGAAACCTCGCGCACGCAGGAGCATCAGTTGATTTA---ACTATTTTTTCCCTACACCTGGCAGGTGTCTCTTCAATTCTAGGGGCCATTAACTTCATCACCACAATTATCAACATGAAACCCCCAGCTATTTCCCAATATCAAACACCACTATTCGTCTGAGCCGTTCTAATTACCGCTGTACTTCTTCTTCTCTCCCTTCCAGTCCTAGCTGCC---GGAATTACAATGCTTCTTACAGATCGAAATCTAAACACCACCTTCTTCGACCCTGCAGGGGGAGGAGATCCCATCCTCTACCAACACCTATTCTGATTCTTTGGCCACCCAGAAGTATATATTTTAATTCTGCCCGGATTTGGGATGATTTCCCATATTGTTGCCTACTACTCTGGTAAAAAA---GAACCATTCGGCTATATGGGCATGGTTTGGGCTATAATAGCAATTGGCCTTCTAGGATTTATCGTATGAGCCCACCACATGTTTACAGTGGGCATGGACGTAGACACACGAGCTTACTTCACATCCGCAACTATGATTATTGCCATCCCCACTGGAGTAAAAGTCTTCAGCTGACTT---GCAACCCTTCACGGAGGC---TCAATTAAATGAGAAACACCCCTACTATGAGCCCTTGGGTTCATTTTCCTCTTTACTGTAGGGGGCCTAACAGGAATTGTCCTAGCCAACTCCTCACTAGACATTGTTCTTCATGACACTTACTACGTAGTAGCCCACTTCCACTATGTT---CTGTCAATGGGAGCTGTATTTGCAATTGTTGCCGCCTTCGTTCACTGATTCCCCCTATTTTCAGGCTATACCCTTCATAGCACTTGAACAAAAATCCACTTCGGAGTGATGTTCGTTGGGGTTAACCTAACATTCTTCCCTCAGCATTTCCTAGGCCTAGCCGGAATGCCTCGA---CGATACTCAGACTACCCAGACGCCTACACT---CTTTGAAATACAGTGTCATCTATCGGCTCCCTAATCTCCCTTGTAGCCGTAATCATGTTCCTGTTTATCATTTGAGAAGCATTTGCTGCTAAACGTGAAGTC---ATGTCAGTTGAGCTGACAATGACTAAT
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Lutjanus bengalensis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 10
Specimens with Barcodes: 27
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial
  • Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter 1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p. (Ref. 171)
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