Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits clear seaward reefs (Ref. 37816). Nocturnal species (Ref. 7300). Solitary; inhabits deep caves and crevices during day (Ref 90102).
  • Allen, G.R. 1999 Apogonidae. Cardinalfishes. p. 2602-2610. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). Rome, FAO. 2069-2790 p. (Ref. 39191)
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Distribution

Red Sea; Eastern Indian Ocean: Christmas Island, northwestern Australia; Western Pacific: Japan, Queensland (Australia) east to Tonga and Wallis & Futuna.
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Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea, Cocos-Keeling, Christmas Island, northwestern Australia, Great Barrier Reef, and Palau (Ref. 37816). Recently reported from Tonga (Ref. 53797).
  • Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley 1989 Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 6 - 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9 - 10; Analspines: 2; Analsoft rays: 12 - 13
  • Randall, J.E. and C.L. Smith 1988 Two new species and a new genus of cardinalfishes (Perciformes: Apogonidae) from Rapa, South Pacific Ocean. Am. Mus. Novit. (2926):1-9. (Ref. 10632)
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Size

Max. size

5.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102))
  • Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann 2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. (Ref. 90102)
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Diagnostic Description

Reddish brown pigment on the snout and cheek, clear fins, and deciduous scales (Ref. 37816). Two pairs of epipleural ribs, no predorsal bones, and hypurals 1-4 are fused into a double fan-shaped structure; 9+15 vertebrae. Transparent with no obvious markings (Ref. 10632).
  • Randall, J.E. and C.L. Smith 1988 Two new species and a new genus of cardinalfishes (Perciformes: Apogonidae) from Rapa, South Pacific Ocean. Am. Mus. Novit. (2926):1-9. (Ref. 10632)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 2 - 40 m (Ref. 37816)
  • Myers, R.F. 1999 Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia, 3rd revised and expanded edition. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 330 p. (Ref. 37816)
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Depth range based on 18 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 7 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 3.95 - 19.5
  Temperature range (°C): 25.198 - 28.876
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.048 - 0.266
  Salinity (PPS): 34.254 - 35.381
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.535 - 4.746
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.124 - 0.218
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.167 - 3.311

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 3.95 - 19.5

Temperature range (°C): 25.198 - 28.876

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.048 - 0.266

Salinity (PPS): 34.254 - 35.381

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.535 - 4.746

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.124 - 0.218

Silicate (umol/l): 1.167 - 3.311
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Cercamia eremia

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 2 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

AACCACAAAGACATCGGCACCCTTTATATAGTATTTGGTGCATGGGCCGGAATAGTTGGGACAGCCCTA---AGCCTACTAATCCGGGCAGAACTAAGTCAGCCGGGGGCCCTCCTTGGCGAC---GACCAGATCTACAATGTAATCGTTACAGCACACGCATTCGTAATGATTTTCTTTATAGTAATACCAATTATAATCGGAGGTTTTGGGAACTGACTTATTCCCCTAATG---ATCGGAGCCCCCGACATAGCATTCCCTCGAATAAATAACATAAGCTTCTGACTTTTACCCCCCTCATTCCTCCTCCTCCTGGCTTCTTCGGGAGTAGAAGCTGGAGCCGGGACTGGTTGAACTGTGTACCCCCCGCTAGCAGGCAACCTTGCCCACGCAGGGGCTTCTGTTGACCTC---ACAATTTTTTCCCTTCATCTCGCAGGGGTATCCTCAATTCTAGGGGCCATTAACTTCATCACCACTATTATTAACATAAAACCCCCAGCAATTACCCAGTATCAGACACCCCTATTTGTCTGGGCTGTTCTTATCACTGCCGTCCTTCTCCTCCTTTCTCTCCCTGTCCTGGCTGCA---GGAATTACAATACTTCTCACAGACCGGAATCTAAACACAACCTTCTTCGACCCGGCAGGCGGAGGAGACCCCATTCTTTACCAACACCTATTCTGATTCTTCGGGCACCCAGAAGTCTATATTCTCATCCTTCCTGGCTTCGGGATAATTTCCCACATTGTTGCCTACTACTCAGGCAAAAAA---GAGCCTTTCGGCTACATAGGAATGGTCTGAGCCATGATGGCCATCGGCCTCCTAGGCTTCATTGTTTGAGCCCACCACATGTTTACAGTCGGCATAGACGTCGACACTCGAGCCTACTTTACATCCGCCACAATAATTATTGCCATCCCCACAGGGGTAAAAGTCTTTAGCTGGTTG---GCCACTCTTCATGGGGGT---TCAATTAAATGAGAGACACCTCTTCTATGAGGGCGGGGCTTTATCTTCCTTTTCACAGTGGGCGGACTAACTGGTATCGTCCTAGCTAACTCATCGCTTGATATTGTCCTTCATGACACTTACTACGTAGTAGCCCACTTCCACTATGTC---CTTTCTATGGGGGCTGTATTTGCCATTGTTGCTGCCTTCGTCCACTGATTCCCCCTCTTTACAGGATACACCCTCCACAACACATGATCTAAAATCCACTTCGGCGTCATGTTTGTAGGTGTGAACCTAACATTCTTCCCGCAACACTTCTTAGGCTTAGCCGGGATGCCTCGA---CGATATTCAGACTATCCTGACGCCTACACA---CTGTGAAACACAGTCTCCTCCCTGGGCTCCCTTATCTCACTGGTGGCCGTAATCATATTCCTTTTTATCATCTGAGAAGCATTCGCCGCCAAACGTGAGGTT---GCATCTGTTGAAATAACCATAACAAGT
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Cercamia eremia

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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