Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found in fresh, brackish and salt waters in coastal and lowland areas.
  • Lucinda, P.H.F. 2003 Poeciliidae (Livebearers). p. 555-581. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brazil. (Ref. 50894)
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Distribution

Caribbean islands: Bahamas, Cayman Islands, Cuba and Jamaica.
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Central America: throughout Cuba, Jamaica, Cayman Islands and Bahamas.
  • Wischnath, L. 1993 Atlas of livebearers of the world. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., United States of America. 336 p. (Ref. 26130)
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Caribbean islands: Bahamas, Cayman Islands, Cuba and Jamaica.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 35.8 mm SL
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Max. size

3.6 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 13498)); 5.47 cm SL (female)
  • Lee, D.S., S.P. Platania and G.H. Burgess 1983 Atlas of North American freshwater fishes, 1983 supplement. Occasional Papers of the North Carolina Biological Survey no. 1983-6. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, N.C. 67 p. (Ref. 13498)
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Type Information

Paralectotype for Gambusia puncticulata
Catalog Number: USNM 120259
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): F. Poey
Locality: Cuba: La Habana Province, Jardin Botanico., Cuba, Greater Antilles, North America
  • Paralectotype:
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

benthopelagic; non-migratory; freshwater; brackish
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Depth range based on 2 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1 - 1
  Temperature range (°C): 26.990 - 26.990
  Nitrate (umol/L): 1.750 - 1.750
  Salinity (PPS): 36.352 - 36.352
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.542 - 4.542
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.047 - 0.047
  Silicate (umol/l): 3.545 - 3.545
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

After about 24 days gestation, female gives birth to 10-40 young. Sexual maturity is reached after 3 or 4 months.
  • Wischnath, L. 1993 Atlas of livebearers of the world. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., United States of America. 336 p. (Ref. 26130)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Gambusia puncticulata

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 19 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

TACCTACTATTTGGTGCTTGAGCTGGCATAGTTGGGACAGCCCTG---AGCCTACTGATCCGAGCCGAACTCAGTCAGCCGGGTACACTCCTGGGTGAC---GATCAAATCTATAATGTAATCGTCACAGCTCATGCCTTTGTAATAATCTTTTTTATAGTCATACCAGTTATGATTGGAGGGTTCGGCAACTGACTGGTGCCCCTAATA---ATTGGCGCCCCAGACATAGCCTTTCCACGAATAAACAATATAAGCTTTTGATTACTTCCCCCCTCATTTCTCCTTCTTCTTGCATCTTCTGGTGTTGAAGCGGGGGCGGGAACAGGTTGAACTGTTTACCCTCCTCTTGCAGGAAACTTGGCACACGCCGGACCTTCTGTAGACTTA---ACCATCTTTTCCCTCCACCTAGCAGGTATTTCCTCCATTCTTGGAGCCATTAATTTTATCACCACCATTATTAATATAAAACCTCCCGCAGCCTCCCAGTACCAAACACCCCTATTTGTATGAGCAGTTCTAATTACAGCCGTACTTCTTCTTCTCTCTCTCCCAGTTTTAGCCGCA---GGCATCACAATACTTCTCACAGATCGAAACCTAAACACCACCTTCTTTGACCCGGCGGGGGGTGGAGACCCAATCCTCTATCAACACCTA
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Gambusia puncticulata

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 19
Specimens with Barcodes: 19
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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