Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

More common in offshore areas, including floating seaweed and flotsam, and around islands. Juveniles are associated with floating seaweeds (Ref. 3790). Probably feeds on plants and small invertebrates (Ref. 3790). Generally considered as trash fish, rarely consumed (Ref. 3790).
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Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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Global Range: North Carolina, Bermuda, and northern Gulf of Mexico to northern South America (Robins and Ray 1986).

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Western Atlantic: from Bermuda, North Carolina (USA), and northern Gulf of Mexico to northern South America
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Western Atlantic.
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Western Atlantic: Bermuda, North Carolina (USA), and northern Gulf of Mexico to southeastern Brazil (Ref. 57756). Indo-Pacific (Ref. 26165).
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 27 - 29; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 27 - 29
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Size

Max. size

20.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 3790))
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Diagnostic Description

Profile from snout to origin of first dorsal spine nearly straight (Ref. 26938). No enlarged spines on caudal peduncle, but males with an elongate patch of bristle-like spinules (Ref. 13442).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat Type: Marine

Comments: Mainly offshore waters, including floating seaweed and flotsam, and around islands (Robins and Ray 1986).

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Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range ? - 80 m (Ref. 5217)
  • Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez 1992 Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales marinas y de aquas salobres de la costa septentrional de Sur América. FAO, Rome. 513 p. Preparado con el financiamento de la Comisión de Comunidades Europeas y de NORAD. (Ref. 5217)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=5217&speccode=7 External link.
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Depth range based on 30 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 19 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 40.2336
  Temperature range (°C): 23.731 - 27.724
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.256 - 0.570
  Salinity (PPS): 35.209 - 36.210
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.538 - 4.899
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.088 - 0.165
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.921 - 2.444

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 40.2336

Temperature range (°C): 23.731 - 27.724

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.256 - 0.570

Salinity (PPS): 35.209 - 36.210

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.538 - 4.899

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.088 - 0.165

Silicate (umol/l): 0.921 - 2.444
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Migration

Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.

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Trophic Strategy

Comments: Filefishes prefer sponges, sea whips, hydroids, and soft-bodied invertebrates (Robins and Ray 1986).

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More common in offshore areas, including floating seaweed and flotsam, and around islands. Juveniles are associated with floating seaweeds (Ref. 3790). Probably feeds on plants and small invertebrates (Ref. 3790).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Stephanolepis setifer

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 6
Specimens with Barcodes: 13
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data: Stephanolepis setifer

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 4 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CCTGTATATAATCTTTGGTGCCTGAGCAGGAATAGTGGGGACTGCTTTAAGCCTACTAATTCGGGCAGAGCTGAGCCAGCCCGGCGCCCTTCTTGGGGACGACCAAATGTACAATGTAGTCGTCACAGCTCATGCCTTTGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTTATACCCATCATAATTGGAGGCTTTGGAAACTGACTTATTCCTCTTATGATCGGAGCTCCTGATATAGCATTCCCGCGTATGAATAACATGAGCTTTTGACTTCTGCCCCCTTCCTTCCTGCTTCTCCTTGCATCATCTGGGGTCGAGGCAGGAGCTGGTACCGGTTGGACTGTTTACCCCCCTCTTGCAGGCAACCTTGCCCACGCGGGAGCTTCTGTAGACTTAACTATCTTTTCTCTCCACCTGGCTGGTATCTCTTCAATTCTCGGAGCTATTAATTTTATCACTACAATTATAAATATAAAACCCCCTGCAATGACACAATATCAGATGCCCCTATTCGTATGAGCTGTTCTCGTTACTGCTGTCCTCCTACTTCTTTCATTACCTGTCCTGGCCGCAGGAATTACTATACTCTTAACAGATCGAAATTTAAACACTACCTTTTTTGACCCTGCAGGAGGTGGAGACCCTATCTTATACCAACACCTCT
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

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Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: subsistence fisheries
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