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| Common names: grunt (English), roncador (Espanol) |
Haemulon sexfasciatum Gill, 1862
Body oblong, compressed; mouth short, ~ horizontal, opens well below eye-level, lips not fleshy; underside of chin with 2 large pores, 2 pores in a deep hole, and a central groove; gill rakers 18-22 (usually 18-20); preoperculum finely serrated, without spines; dorsal fin continuous, with small to moderate notch in middle, XI-XII, 16-18 (usually XII, 16-17); anal rays III, 9-10; tail forked; soft dorsal and anal densely scaled nearly to the edge of the fin; lateral-line scales 49-52; scales above the lateral line in lines oblique to body axis; 7-9 scale rows between lateral line and 1st dorsal spine.
Head and body silvery white; ~ 5-6 prominent thick blackish bars on upper one-half to two-thirds of side, spaces between bars white to yellow; juveniles with dark midlateral stripe converging with black spot on caudal fin base, also a pair of dark stripes above: one on midline of snout to dorsal fin origin and another from upper margin of eye to dorsal surface of tail base; these stripes gradually fade as the bars begin to appear as the fish grows.
Size: grows to 48 cm.
Habitat: over sand, rubble and rock bottoms. Very abundant in some parts of the Gulf of California, forming huge daytime aggregations around rocky reefs.
Depth: 1-30 m.
The tip of Baja and the lower 2/3 of the Gulf of California to Ecuador, Galapagos and Malpelo.